Scientific Journal “Issues of National and Federative Relations”. Volume 10. Issue 1 (58), 2020.

CONTENTS

DOMESTIC HISTORY, ETHNOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY

  • Akkieva S.I., Kotsev E.M. Wedding Rituals in the Adyghe Diaspora in Turkey: Tradition and Modernity
  • Seryakov V.D. Falsification of the History of the Great Patriotic War: Evolution in Approaches and Methods
  • Brovchenko I.Yu. The Spiritual Statement of Russian Society in the 90s of the 20th Century
  • Dyachkova A.N. G.V. Ksenofontov about Immigrant Subjects in Yakut Folklore

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

  • Boltenkova L.F. Revolution as a Form (Way) of God's Punishment for Sins. Part IV

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Rodionova M.E. “Black PR” in European and Russian Election Campaigns
  • Мagadiev M.F., Puzevich A.N. Military-Patriotic Education of Modern Russian Youth in the Conditions of Ensuring National Security of the Russian Federation (on the Example of the Ryazan Local Branch of “Unarmia” VVPOD)

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

  • Kurbonova Z.M. Political Stability of Tajikistan as a Factor of Regional Security. Part I
  • Goncharov V.V., Avakian R.M., Prikhodko E.O., Berzegova N.N. Modern Problems Related to the Observance of Human Rights During the Military Conflict on the Territory of Ukraine

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF THE GLOBALIZING WORLD

  • Ezhova M.Yu. Migration Policy in the Context of Russia's Strategic Goals in the Post-Soviet Space
  • Dadashov K.K. EU Common Security and Defense Policy: Problems and Prospects
  • Entina E.G. American and British Priorities in Southeast Europe under the Ongoing Process of New Architecture of International Relations Formation
  • Golovanov R.S. New Stage of Eurasian Integration: Elite Functions
  • Dadashova K.K. EU Foreign Policy on Conflicts in the Post-Soviet Space: (the South Caucasus Countries)

HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Gekht A.B., Nerovnyj A.V., Potapenko T.G. France and the EU's Security and Defense Policy at the Turn of the Twenty First Century
  • Makarov E.P. Land Expansion of the British Colonial Elite as an Example of the Activities of the Ohio Company on the Eve of the Franco-Indian War of 1754-1763
  • Gen Yijin Lanzhou Air Battle Review

STUDENT SCIENCE

  • Delgado A.A., Prokopchuk D.D., Gritsenko R.A. Application of Content Analysis on the Example of Presidential Messages to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (2014-2016)
  • Le Lan Ngoc Social Networks as a Mechanism for Forming the Image of Political Leaders
  • Demenin K.G. Work of Political Officers During the Great Patriotic War

REFLECTIONS ON THE READ

Slizovskiy D.E., Medvedev N.P. Review of the Article by S. A. Lantsov “Ethnic Terrorism and Ethno-Political Conflicts in the XIX-XX Centuries: Analysis of Socio-Political Factors”

Our authors № 1-2020

DOMESTIC HISTORY, ETHNOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.001

S.I. AKKIEVA Doctor of Historical Sciences, The leading Researcher of the Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nalchik, Russia

E.M. KOTSEV Post-graduate Student, Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nalchik, Russia

WEDDING RITUALS IN THE ADYGHE DIASPORA IN TURKEY: TRADITION AND MODERNITY

The article is devoted to the wedding rituals of the Circassians in Turkey, which has so far not been the subject of special consideration. The Circassians Diaspora exists in Turkey for more than 150 years. On the ethnic culture of the Circassians, the wedding rituals, considerable attention was paid to the culture of the host Turkish community and other nations. Significant changes in wedding rituals have been noted since the second half of the 20th century, in connection with the processes of urbanization and migration. Since the end of the 1980s, contacts of the Circassians diaspora with their relatives living in Russia increased, which affected the wedding rituals. For the first time in many years, weddings have been held between representatives of the Circassians living in Turkey and Russia. These ties are reflected in the wedding ceremony. Currently, the wedding ritual of the Circassians living in Turkey is a synthesis of Circassians and Turkish traditions and innovations.

Key words: Circassians, Adyghe, wedding, Turkey, diaspora, courtship, globalization.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.002

V.D. SERYAKOV Сandidate of military Sciences, associate Professor, rector of the Institute of Economics and culture, Moscow, Russia

FALSIFICATION OF THE HISTORY OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR: EVOLUTION IN APPROACHES AND METHODS

This study examines the causes of falsification of the history of the great Patriotic war, their impact on the spiritual sphere of Russian society and socio-anthropological consequences. On the basis of the author's analysis, the essence is revealed and the methods and methods of falsification of the history of the great Patriotic war are defined: moral and legal extrapolation, scaling of local statistics, isolation of the event from the historical context. The article notes some features of modern approaches to falsification of history, such as manufacturability, synthesis of falsification with psychological and PR technologies, imposition of false ideas through a strong emotional impact. The content of falsifications, the approaches and methods used in this case, allow us to assert that historical science is a field of ideological confrontation, and the methods and methods of falsification should be considered as an instrument of manipulation of public consciousness. The main criterion in the assessment of historical events is proposed to take the practical feasibility of decisions taken by the military and political leadership of the country.

Key words: The great Patriotic war, evolution, methods and technologies of falsification of history, social consciousness, spiritual sphere.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.003

I.YU. BROVCHENKO Aresearchfellow of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences, theologian, PhD-student in the A. Gieysztor Humanitarian Academy in Pultusk, Poland

THE SPIRITUAL STATEMENT OF RUSSIAN SOCIETY IN THE 90s OF THE 20th CENTURY

The article considers the beginning of the spiritual revival in the late 20th century in Russia. It was directly related to political reforms of the state, cultural heritage, many socioeconomic backgrounds at that moment. There is a short overview of the history of relationships between the state and the Russian Orthodox Church in the 90s. It is quiet difficult to understand many processes of new state-clerical politics without any introducing of it. The state-clerical topic in Russia needs complex study in theoretical and historical directions.

Key words: politics and religion, Russian Orthodox Church, state, faith, patriarchal Alexey II, society, spiritual revival, 1990s in Russia.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.004

A.N. DYACHKOVA PhD in history, Assistant Professor, Department of World and Russian History, Ethnology, Archeology, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia

G.V. KSENOFONTOV ABOUT IMMIGRANT SUBJECTS IN YAKUT FOLKLORE

G.V. Ksenofontov is a major researcher of the traditional culture of the peoples of Siberia and Yakutia in the first half of the XX century. In his works, he investigated the issues of origin, early ethnic history, beliefs (shamanism) and folklore. The ethnographer focused on the folklore and mythological subjects. This article discusses the wandering plots of the Yakut folklore. Comparison of biblical stories with legends and stories about the ancestors of the Yakut people Omogoe and Elle, as well as other stories found among the peoples of Eurasia and in the Yakut myth-making, has led the researcher to the idea of common Eurasian folklore motifs in the Yakut mythology.

Key words: G.V. Ksenofontov, Yakut folklore, Olonkho, myths, legends, stray stories, pastoral peoples of Eurasia, Eurasian folklore motifs.

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HISTORY OF POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.005

L.F. BOLTENKOVA Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor of the Institute of public service and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

REVOLUTION AS A FORM (WAY) OF GOD'S PUNISHMENT FOR SINS PART IV

By combining the analysis of religious and scientific and other secular sources, the author explains the thesis that revolutions in Russia are a form (way) of God punishment for the people’s sins.

The article has an introductory part, five content parts intricately linked and the final clauses.

In the introductory part, the author indicates the concept of sin and its components analyzing religious sources, emphasizing that it is the duty of religious leaders to carry God’s message to all population. The author believes that the historical experience of Russia shows that there were not so many people who strongly believed in God in the XIX-early XX centuries. The author adheres to the thesis that the serf system is a necessary reality in the process of the historical development of Russia. Still, in this reality, it is possible to exist in different ways.

In the content parts, the author defines the components of the religious concept of sin, the main features (properties) of the behaviour typical for the representatives of the ruling forces (such as emperors, officials, landowners, clergy) in the serf system. It is emphasized that orthodox Christianity is the state religion, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church is the Emperor that is why the Bible for is the most valuable Law for him, as well as for the clergy.

In reality, everything happened in such a way that the God Commandments were fulfilled either by atheists from different population sectors or by a small part of the faithful representatives of the ruling forces. The deeds of these people have been analyzed and presented to readers. These are the Decembrists, their wives, officials, soldiers, churchmen, poets, writers, critics, artists, commoners, serfs, revolutionaries. The main part of the voluminous article is devoted to this debating issue.

In the final clauses, the author suggests the need for a collective research work of a monographic nature that would allow opening the issue in the indicated direction.

Theologian, historian, philosopher, a lawyer should work together as the creative community. The emergence of such a work is important for the objective understanding of the XIX century, which led to the events of the XX century, contrary to various interpretations resulting from personal or corporate interests. Unity in regard to revolutionary events is serving like it was the beginning of universal confession of sins to God, and, consequently, the pledge of the present and future unity of Russia.

Key words: God Commandments, Bible, sin, Russia, serfdom, nobility, clergy, young generation, revolutionaries.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.006

M.E. RODIONOVA Director Center for European studies, Candidate of Science in Sociology, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

“BLACK PR” IN EUROPEAN AND RUSSIAN ELECTION CAMPAIGNS

The purpose of this article is a comprehensive consideration of “black PR” from its definition, basic techniques and technologies of “black PR”. The reasons for the popularity of “black PR”, its development in Russia and modern examples in Europe and Russia, the ways of combating “black PR” are also considered.

Key words: electoral consulting, election campaigns, elections, political competition, manipulative influence, political technologies.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.007

М.F. МAGADIEV Candidate of Sciences (sociology), Associate Professor at the Chair of public administration and national security of the Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

А.N. PUZEVICH Рost-graduate student at the Chair of general history and international relations of the Ryazan state University named after S.A. Yesenin, Ryazan, Russia

MILITARY-PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF MODERN RUSSIAN YOUTH IN THE CONDITIONS OF ENSURING NATIONAL SECURITY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE RYAZAN LOCAL BRANCH OF “UNARMIA” VVPOD)

In recent years, the Russian Federation is steadily strengthening its statehood and reviving its spiritual, cultural, historical, and civil-patriotic values. However, despite these positive trends, there are still many unresolved issues that have a significant impact on the state of the spiritual and moral atmosphere of Russian society. In the course of the study, the authors reveal the main problems of the all-Russian military-patriotic social movement “Unarmia,” as the most mass military-patriotic association in the Russian Federation. The second part is devoted to the study of the positive experience of the Ryazan local branch of “Unarmia” VVPOD.

Key words: military-patriotic education, modern Russian youth, national security, patriotism, social partnership, UNARMIA.

POLITICAL CONFLICTOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.008

Z.M. KURBONOVA Candidate of political sciences, Doctoral candidate of Institute of Philosophy, Political Sciences and Law named after A. Bahouddinov, Dushanbe Republic Tajikistan

POLITICAL STABILITY OF TAJIKISTAN AS A FACTOR OF REGIONAL SECURITY PART I

The progress of human society, especially its culture and civilization, at all times depended on peace and tranquility. A society in which there is no peace and tranquility will sooner or later decline. The greatest monuments of history and culture, grandiose structures and creative masterpieces are created in an atmosphere of peace and tranquility.

Key words: political stability, security, Tajikistan, conflicts.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.009

V.V. GONCHAROV Candidate of legal sciences, associate professor of the department of state and international law, Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia

R.M. AVAKIAN Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia

E.O. PRIKHODKO Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia

N.N. BERZEGOVA Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia

MODERN PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE OBSERVANCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS DURING THE MILITARY CONFLICT ON THE TERRITORY OF UKRAINE

The article deals with the problem of observance of human rights in the conditions of armed conflict and anti-terrorist operation in the South-East of Ukraine. The paper analyzes the fundamental principles of international law and the law of Ukraine in the field of basic human rights and freedoms and reveals violations of normative acts in the field of ensuring the security of citizens, the use of the army and prohibited weapons against civilians and civilian infrastructure. Based on the research carried out in the article, the author identifies and justifies the following measures aimed at the resolution of the conflict: introduction of peacekeeping troops in the zone of military conflict; resolution of issues related to the actual compensation to the victims and relatives of victims; implementation of international justice against those responsible for the outbreak of the conflict and war crimes against citizens.

Key words: conflict, Ukraine, international law, human rights, anti-terrorist operation, war crimes, modern problems, military conflict, territory.

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF THE GLOBALIZING WORLD

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.010

M.YU. EZHOVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Children's Ombudsman, Administration of the Head and Government of the Republic of Dagestan, Makhachkala, Russia

MIGRATION POLICY IN THE CONTEXT OF RUSSIA'S STRATEGIC GOALS IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE

Migration flows always exacerbate interethnic contradictions and actualize discussions related to nation-building, identity, and the search for consolidating ideas for society. At the same time, the politicization of migration issues is counterproductive from the standpoint of implementing integration projects in the post-Soviet space, which will remain a key geopolitical region and a zone of special attention for Russia. The urgency of the problem is predetermined by forced democratization, multi-level urbanization, and features of the formation of civil society institutions and political culture of post-Soviet States. The types, intensity, and directions of migration are largely due to the low efficiency of implemented political and economic institutions, and the uncertainty of national policy goals. The long-term trend of forming a civil nation and all-Russian civil identity in Russia requires a conscious and stable position in relation to migrants and the corresponding migration policy: inclusive, selective or asymmetric, as well as an innovative approach to the institution of citizenship, the development of the concept of dual citizenship as a compromise form of existence of multi-level societies in integration projects in Eurasia.

Key words: migration, integration, post-Soviet space, citizenship, identity.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.011

К.К. DADASHOV Post-graduate student of Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of RF, Moscow, Russia

EU COMMON SECURITY AND DEFENSE POLICY: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

The article examines the formation and development of a common security and defense policy of the European Union (EU GAAP). The author claims that this policy allows the Union to play a leading role in peacekeeping, conflict prevention and the strengthening of international security. This is an integral part of the EU’s comprehensive approach to crisis management, based on civil and military assets. The author also conducts a periodization of the formation of security of cooperation between European states, highlighting six stages. Special attention is paid to the classification of the formation and evolution factors of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. In conclusion, the author notes, in particular, that unconventional asymmetric threats to international security necessitate the coordination of actions at the level of national states within the framework of international organizations and the coordination of the activities of these organizations. The urgent task is to determine the functional role of the EU as a regional security organization among other international organizations.

Key words: European Union, security, Europe, politics, crisis, regional security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.012

E.G. ENTINA Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Associate Professor of National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia

AMERICAN AND BRITISH PRIORITIES IN SOUTHEAST EUROPE UNDER THE ONGOING PROCESS OF NEW ARCHITECTURE OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS FORMATION

The collapse of the bipolar system of international relations and tragic dissolution of Yugoslavia USA crucially improved their importance in the region of Southeast Europe. The same could be said about its Euro-Atlantic influence. Since the middle of 1990th USA became the main arbiter in crises and contradictions among the Western Balkan states and in the wider region. It didn’t loose its position nowadays despite the illusion of “interest lost” in the Balkans. Similar could be concluded from the observation of the modern Balkan policy if the main Euro-Atlantic ally of the U.S. – Great Britain. The difference is that in the Balkan region particularly after Brexit London ensures two type of interests: together with the U. S. – interests of NATO as well as London is using this geostrategic space for its national interest and as a play card in relations with Brussels.

Key words: USA, Southeast Europe, Great Britain, Brexit, European Union, Balkans, NATO.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.013

R.S. GOLOVANOV candidate of political sciences, candidate of jurisprudence, doctoral student of the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

NEW STAGE OF EURASIAN INTEGRATION: ELITE FUNCTIONS

The article highlights the parameters of a new stage in the implementation of the Eurasian integration project: the establishment and strengthening of relations between the EAEU and international organizations; building bilateral relations of the EAEU with the countries of the Eurasian continent; pairing the EAEU development project and the Chinese initiative «One Belt – One Way»; the functioning of the institutional system ensuring freedom of movement of goods, services, capital and labor within the EAEU; pursuing agreed, coordinated and uniform industry policies by the EAEU Member States. The conclusion is substantiated that at the previous stages of the Eurasian project, the main function of the political, diplomatic, managerial, scientific, educational and humanitarian elite was the movement from ideas and political calls to the creation of existing Eurasian institutions and structures. It has been shown that the leading tendency at a new stage in the construction of Eurasian reality has been the expansion of the «composition» of elites at the expense of industry elites, that is, groups that make managerial decisions in specific sectors of the economy, which at the first stages of the implementation of the Eurasian project were not active actors of integration. At the new stage, it is they who perform the function of organizing the freedom of movement of goods, services, capital and labor within the EAEU, the function of pursuing agreed industry policies by the EAEU member states, and also participate in the implementation of international agreements signed by the EEC.

Key words: new stage of Eurasian integration, Eurasian reality, elites, functions of elites, Eurasian Economic Union, Eurasian Economic Commission.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.014

К.К. DADASHOVA Post-graduate student of Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of RF, Moscow, Russia

EU FOREIGN POLICY ON CONFLICTS IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE: (THE SOUTH CAUCASUS COUNTRIES)

Within the framework of the provisions of intergovernmentalism and neofunctionalism, the theoretical foundations of the modern complex of European integration processes are revealed. They influence the formation of national interests, in particular, determining the degree of interest in peacekeeping. This article discusses the activities of the European Union in relation to the conflicts of the South Caucasus in the context of the key provisions of the two theories of European integration.

Key words: European Union, integration processes, peacekeeping, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, regional security, conflicts.

HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.015

A.B. GEKHT PHD, Associate professor, docent, The Bonch-Bruevich Saint Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, the department of history and region studies, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

A.V. NEROVNYJ Assistant, The Bonch-Bruevich Saint Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, the department of history and region studies, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

T.G. POTAPENKO PHD, Associate professor, docent, The RANEPA’s North-west institute of management, the department of international relations, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

FRANCE AND THE EU'S SECURITY AND DEFENSE POLICY AT THE TURN OF THE TWENTY FIRST CENTURY

Deep integration became one of the most important processes that took place on the European continent in the second half of the XX century, its result was the creation of the European Union, which plays a major role in the world economy and politics. This is largely possible thanks to the complex architecture of supranational institutions that ensure the functioning of this alliance. One of the first associations that appeared during the integration of the European countries was the European Coal and Steel Association, and the article covers the main prerequisites for its appearance and stages of its creation.

Key words: European integration, European Union, European Coal and Steel Association.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.016

E.P. MAKAROV Ph.D., senior lecturer of the department Sociology, Political Science and History of the Fatherland, Samara State Technical University, Samara, Russia

LAND EXPANSION OF THE BRITISH COLONIAL ELITE AS AN EXAMPLE OF THE ACTIVITIES OF THE OHIO COMPANY ON THE EVE OF THE FRANCO-INDIAN WAR OF 1754-1763

The article explores the problem of the interaction of the land elite of the American colonies with the authorities of the mother country in the period preceding the start of the Franco-Indian war of 1754-1763. An important role in this matter is played by the analysis of the economic activity of local military-aristocratic clans and their participation in land development in the Ohio River Valley. A separate subject of analysis is the social ties formed in 1747-1753, between British political circles, metropolitan officials, the colonial administration of Virginia, as well as large planters and merchants. The area of interaction between the British trade, economic and military administrative groups is the expeditionary enterprise for land surveying in the Ohio River Valley and their subsequent trade through land companies. The Ohio Land Company, which played an important role in promoting British interests on the American continent, was taken as an example for analysis.

Key words: Robert Dinwiddie, French and Indian War, Seven Years' War, Ohio Company of Virginia, T. Lee, D. Washington.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.017

GEN YIJIN Рost-graduate student working for the Master degree at the Chair of the Russian language of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu province, China

LANZHOU AIR BATTLE REVIEW

In the framework of the presented study, the question of the role of Lanzhou air battle in the conflict between Japan and China in 1937-1945, as well as in World War II as a whole, was revealed. The methodological base of the study includes elements of comparative, structural and system analysis. The author concludes that the air battle for Lanzhou in 1937-1941. It should be regarded as a protracted military operation of a strategic nature, the outcome of which largely determined the overall development of events on the Sino-Japanese front. The success of the combined forces of the Chinese and Soviet Air Force made it possible to ensure the uninterrupted nature of the supply of military equipment from the USSR to China, became the key to the successful functioning of the training centers for flight personnel in Lanzhou, which ultimately made it possible to substantially level the superiority of the Japanese army in the level of technical equipment and the availability of trained personnel of aviation specialists. This entailed a partial loss by the Japanese side of strategic initiative in mainland China, which had an impact on the entire course of hostilities in the Asia-Pacific region as part of World War II.

Key words: anti-Japanese war, Lanzhou air battle, air force of China, Soviet aid to China, Japanese bombing, victims, volunteer pilots, Gansu province.

STUDENT SCIENCE

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.018

A.A. DELGADO Master Student of the Department of History and Archeology, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

D.D. PROKOPCHUK Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal, Vladivostok, Russia

R.A. GRITSENKO Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

APPLICATION OF CONTENT ANALYSIS ON THE EXAMPLE OF PRESIDENTIAL MESSAGES TO THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (2014-2016)

The article presents a demonstration variant of the available method of simple content analysis using the most common computer resources of Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Word. For this purpose, the texts of three messages of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly (2014-2016) were used. The results of this work, firstly, show the possibilities of the latest content analysis, which can cope even a nbeginner, and secondly, identify the features and important aspects of the three Messages of the President of the Russian Federation.

Key words: content analysis, President, messages, Federal Assembly, 2014, 2015, 2016.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.019

LE LAN NGOC Undergraduate in advertising and public relations of the Russian State Social University, Undergraduate Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Department of Mass Communications, Moscow, Russia

SOCIAL NETWORKS AS A MECHANISM FOR FORMING THE IMAGE OF POLITICAL LEADERS

The peculiarity of political activity is the active involvement of the masses, which in our time is almost impossible without the use of the Internet. Since the bulk of communications has moved to social media in recent years, maintaining personal accounts for political leaders is not only a way to promote and "win" the audience, but also a tool for forming their political image. A feature of social networks is the apparent accessibility of the person who leads your page. In the mind of a person, the distance between him and the politician is significantly reduced, the level of trust in the candidate is growing.

The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of social networks of modern politicians on the formation of their political image.

When writing work was carried out a theoretical analysis of the literature on the role of social networking in modern society, reviewed studies of social networks of political leaders, as well as the analysis of the accounts of political figures in social media (Twitter and Facebook) and try to determine their impact on political image.

This paper examines the specificity of social networks as a communication channel, as well as the role of this specificity in the perception of politicians' activities. Some examples of the use of social networks by political figures and features of the published material are presented. The influence of politicians' activity in social networks on the image and popularity of these politicians among the population was studied. It is concluded that the activity of political figures in social networks contributes to the increase of trust and loyalty to this politician.

Key words: social networks, political image, mass media, formation of political image.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.020

К.G. DEMENIN Student of Magnitogorsk Pedagogical College, Magnitogorsk, Russia

WORK OF POLITICAL OFFICERS DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

This article examines the work of the political officers during the Great Patriotic War. Among military positions, this position was one of the main ones in the management, training, and education of soldiers and sailors. The article examines the historical background of the introduction of the post of political officers, examines their activities, notes the advantages and gives a critical assessment of the activity, and provides examples of political hero officers. Summarizing the above, the author notes that the activity of political officers is no less relevant today.

Key words: political officer, political work in the Soviet Army, the Great Patriotic War, propaganda, heroism.

REFLECTIONS ON THE READ

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2020.58.1.021

D.Е. SLIZOVSKIY Doctor of sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

N.P. MEDVEDEV Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

REVIEW OF THE ARTICLE BY S. A. LANTSOV “ETHNIC TERRORISM AND ETHNO-POLITICAL CONFLICTS IN THE XIX-XX CENTURIES: ANALYSIS OF SOCIO-POLITICAL FACTORS”

The review analyzes the relevance and elaboration of the problem of ethnic terrorism and ethno-political conflicts. Based on the materials presented by the author of the article and recent political events, the reviewers come to the conclusion that the problem under study is extremely relevant and has a great scientific novelty.

Key words: ethnic separatism, ethnic terrorism, ethno-political conflict, socio-political factors.

OUR AUTHORS

AKKIEVA S.I. – Doctor of Historical Sciences, The leading Researcher of the Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nalchik, Russia.

AVAKIAN R.M. – Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia.

BERZEGOVA N.N. – Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia.

BOLTENKOVA L.F. – Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor of the Institute of public service and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

BROVCHENKO I.YU. – Aresearchfellow of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences, theologian, PhD-student in the A. Gieysztor Humanitarian Academy in Pultusk, Poland.

DADASHOV K.K. – Post-graduate student of Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of RF, Moscow, Russia.

DADASHOVA K.K. – Post-graduate student of Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Foreign Ministry of RF, Moscow, Russia.

DELGADO A.A. – Master Student of the Department of History and Archeology, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

DEMENIN K.G. – Student of Magnitogorsk Pedagogical College, Magnitogorsk, Russia.

DYACHKOVA A.N. – PhD in history, Assistant Professor, Department of World and Russian History, Ethnology, Archeology, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia.

ENTINA E.G. – Candidate of Sciences (Politics), Associate Professor of National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Europe, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia.

EZHOVA M.YU. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Children's Ombudsman, Administration of the Head and Government of the Republic of Dagestan, Makhachkala, Russia.

GEKHT A.B. – PHD, Associate professor, docent, The Bonch-Bruevich Saint Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, the department of history and region studies, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

GEN YIJIN – Рost-graduate student working for the Master degree at the Chair of the Russian language of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu province, China.

GOLOVANOV R.S. – Candidate of political sciences, candidate of jurisprudence, doctoral student of the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic.

GONCHAROV V.V. – Candidate of legal sciences, associate professor of the department of state and international law, Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia.

GRITSENKO R.A. – Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

KOTSEV E.M. – Post-graduate Student, Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nalchik, Russia.

KURBONOVA Z.M. – Candidate of political sciences, Doctoral candidate of Institute of Philosophy, Political Sciences and Law named after A. Bahouddinov, Dushanbe, Republic Tajikistan.

LE LAN NGOC – Undergraduate in advertising and public relations of the Russian State Social University, Undergraduate Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Department of Mass Communications, Moscow, Russia.

МAGADIEV M.F. – Candidate of Sciences (sociology), Associate Professor at the Chair of public administration and national security of the Institute of law and national security, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

MAKAROV E.P. – Ph.D., senior lecturer of the department Sociology, Political Science and History of the Fatherland, Samara State Technical University, Samara, Russia.

MEDVEDEV N.P. – Doctor of sciences (political sciences), Professor Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

NEROVNYJ A.V. – Assistant, The Bonch-Bruevich Saint Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, the department of history and region studies, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

POTAPENKO T.G. – PHD, Associate professor, docent, The RANEPA’s North-west institute of management, the department of international relations, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

PRIKHODKO E.O. – Laboratory assistant of the Department of constitutional and legal studies of the Krasnodar branch of the Institute of globalization problems, student of Kuban state agrarian university named after I.T. Trubilina, Krasnodar, Russia.

PROKOPCHUK D.D. – Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal, Vladivostok, Russia.

PUZEVICH A.N. – Рost-graduate student at the Chair of general history and international relations of the Ryazan state University named after S.A. Yesenin, Ryazan, Russia.

RODIONOVA M.E. – Director Center for European studies, Candidate of Science in Sociology, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Political Sciences, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

SERYAKOV V.D. – Сandidate of military Sciences, associate Professor, rector of the Institute of Economics and culture, Moscow, Russia.

SLIZOVSKIY D.E. – Doctor of sciences (history), Professor, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

OUR AUTHORS

AKIMOVA V.S. – Ph.D., associate Professor Department of world, national history, Ethnology, archaeology, faculty of history North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia.

ANANCHENKO A.B. – Candidate of historical Sciences, Director of the Institute of history a politics Moscow state pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia.

ANDREEVA U.K. – Graduate student, faculty of winter Olympic sports, NSU them. P.F. Lesgaft, St. Petersburg, Russia.

ANIKIN D.A. – Сandidate of philosophical sciences, docent, associate Professor of the Department of history and theory of politics, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

BOLTENKOVA L.F. – Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor of the Institute of public service and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

DELGADO A.A. – Master Student of the Department of History and Archeology, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

EGIKOV A.A. – Post-graduate Student, Department of General History North Ossetian State University named after K.L. Khetagurov, Teacher of history and social studies Municipal educational institution secondary school №. 15 named after Hero of the Soviet Union Mildzikhov Kh.Z., Vladikavkaz, Russia.

GAFIULLIN H.I. – Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil and Business Law, Kazan Innovation University named after V.G. Timiryasova (IEUP), Kazan, Russia.

GALIMULLINA D.I. – Рost-graduate student, Department of Diplomacy and Consular Services, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

GALKINA G.M. – Рost-Graduate student of the Department Russian presidential Academy of National Economy and Public administration, Moscow, Russia.

GENG YIJING – Graduate student of the Russian Language Department, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu province, China.

GRITSENKO R.A. – Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

KACHUROVSKIY E.D. – Post-graduate student of the Department of Comparative Politics of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

KOTELNIKOV V.V. – Graduate student, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Omsk State Pedagogical University, Faculty of History, Philosophy and Law, Department of Russian History, Omsk, Russia.

МААZOV U.S. – Working for a post-graduate degree at the Chair of national and federative relations, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia.

MAKAROV E.P. – Ph.D., senior lecturer of the department Sociology, Political Science and History of the Fatherland, Samara State Technical University, Samara, Russia.

MAMMADOV L.E. – Post-graduate, Diplomatic Academy Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

MARKOVA M.F. – Ph.D., associate Professor Department of world, national history, Ethnology, archaeology, faculty of history North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia.

MEDINA GONZALEZ VINICIO XAVIER – PhD in Historical Science, Adjunct Lecturer of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

MURILLO CUENCA LUIS ARTURO – Master Student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

NOSANENKO G.Yu. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of «Theory of state and law and public law disciplines», Kazan Innovation University V.G. Timiryasova, Kazan, Russia.

OTHMAN A.H.O. – PhD student of the Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Yemen.

PETRUKHIN A.M. – Graduate Student of State University of Management, Moscow, Russia.

PISMENNAYA T.G. – Candidate of Sciences (history), Associate Professor at the Chair of history, social science and pedagogical technologies, Branch of the Kuban state University in Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Russia.

POGORELOV S.S. – Working for the Magistrate’s Degree at the Branch of the Kuban state University in Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Russia.

PROKOPCHUK D.D. – Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia.

PYZH V.V. – Doctor of political science, Professor, NSU them. P.F. Lesgaft, St. Petersburg, Russia.

RANDAH MADINGUE – PhD-student, Department of political analysis and management, People' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN university), N'Djamena, Republic of Chad.

RYABIKOV A.N. – Candidate of Sciences (history), Head of the Chair of history, social science and pedagogical technologies, Branch of the Kuban state University in Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Russia.

SHAPOVALOV V.L. – Candidate of historical Sciences, associate Professor, associate Professor of the Department of social and political research and technology Moscow state pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia.

SHCHEGLOV N.V. – Graduate student, Ss Cyril and Methodius Institute of Post-Graduate Studies, Moscow, Russia.

TUKOV N.A. – Candidate of historical Sciences, Executive Director of the center for social and political projects and communications, associate Professor of social and political research and communications of the Moscow pedagogical University state University, Moscow, Russia.

TYSHTA E.V. – Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Institute of History and Law, Khakass State University named after N.F. Katanova, Abakan, Republic of Khakassia, Russia.

VAISHLYA S.S. – Graduate student of the faculty of political science St. Petersburg state University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

WU TING – Post-graduate at the Department of Comparative Political Science, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia; Teachers of Northwest Normal University, China.

YAKOVENKO S.N. – Post-graduate student, Department of History, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

YERMOLAYEVA Yu.N. – Ph.D., associate Professor Department of world, national history, Ethnology, archaeology, faculty of history North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia.

ZHAO TIANTIAN – Post-graduate student of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

Scientific Journal “Issues of National and Federative Relations”. Volume 9. Issue 12 (57), 2019.

CONTENTS

DOMESTIC HISTORY, ETHNOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY

  • Pyzh V.V., Andreeva U.K. Contribution to Victory: Sport in the Siege of Leningrad
  • Akimova V.S., Yermolayeva Yu.N., Markova M.F. Scientific Heritage S.N. Gorokhov in the Context of the Development of the Arctic Areas of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) under Modern Conditions
  • Anikin D.A. Civil War as a Subject of Memory Policy
  • Pismennaya T.G., Pogorelov S.S., Ryabikov A.N. On the Activities of the Religious Association Jehovah's Witnesses on Territory of the Krasnodar Krai in the 60s-70s of the XX Century
  • Shcheglov N.V. The Project Higher Administration of the Russion Church in the Decisions of the All-Russian Congress of the Clergy and Laity of 1917
  • Yakovenko S.N. Structure and Functions of Military Transport Units in the Framework of the Reform of the Red Army in 1921-1926
  • Kotelnikov V.V. The Entry of Kazakhstan into Russia (Accession of Junior and Senior Zhuz)

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICAL HISTORY

  • Boltenkova L.F. Revolution as a Form (Way) of God's Punishment for Sins. Part III

POLITICAL REGIONAL STUDIES AND ETHNOPOLITICS

  • Galkina G.M. Regional Policy in the European Union: Goals of Schooling
  • Galimullina D.I. Mechanisms for the Implementation of Ethno-National Policy of the Slovak Republic
  • Vaishlya S.S. Ethnic Regional Autonomy of Latgale as a Result of Administrative and Territorial Reform
  • Othman A.H.O. The Power Succession and Political Stability in the Saudi Arabia

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Nosanenko G.Yu., Gafiullin H.I. Policy and Legal Status of the Authorized by the Rights of the Child as Institute of Civil Society
  • Tyshta E.V. Municipal Filter the Political Mechanism of Elections (for Example, the Election of the Head of the Republic of Khakasia)
  • Мааzov U.S. Public Associations of the Chechen Republic are an Important Institution of the Civil Society
  • Prokopchuk D.D., Gritsenko R.A., Delgado A.A. Political Parties and Party Systems: Category Analysis

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

  • Ananchenko A.B., Tukov N.A., Shapovalov V.L. Value Orientations of Students of Pedagogical Universities and Young Teachers in the Context of Formation of the Russian Political Identity

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF THE GLOBALIZING WORLD

  • Makarov E.P. Socio-Political Processes and the Transformation of Views on Health Care Reform in the United States
  • Medina Gonzalez V.X., Murillo Cuenca L.A. International Assistance as a Tool of «Soft Force» in External Ecuador Policy at the Present Stage
  • Kachurovskiy E.D. Political Strife in Venezuela from Perspective of Federal Relations
  • Mammadov L.E. State Interests of Azerbaijan in the Balkan Region
  • Wu Ting Higher Education Reform in Russia and China in the 21st Century: Comparative Analysis
  • Zhao Tiantian. The National Image of the People's Republic of China and Russian Federation at the Present Stage: Comparative Analysis
  • Randah Madingue. Interethnic Relations as a Factor of the Inefficiency of Political Institutions and the Instability of Central African Countries

HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Egikov A.A. Nagorno-Karabakh as the Center of Instability in the South Caucasus
  • Petrukhin A.M. Opening and Beginning of Work of the First State Duma of the Russian Empire on the Pages of British Press
  • Geng Yijing. Hero of the Soviet Union A.S. Blagoveschensky on China Land

Our authors № 12-2019

DOMESTIC HISTORY, ETHNOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.001

V.V. PYZH Doctor of political science, Professor, NSU them. P.F. Lesgaft, St. Petersburg, Russia

U.K. ANDREEVA Graduate student, faculty of winter Olympic sports, NSU them. P.F. Lesgaft, St. Petersburg, Russia

CONTRIBUTION TO VICTORY: SPORT IN THE SIEGE OF LENINGRAD

The article deals with the feat of athletes of besieged Leningrad during the great Patriotic war.

Key words: sports, the blockade in Leningrad, heroism, and memory.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.002

V.S. AKIMOVA Ph.D., associate Professor Department of world, national history, Ethnology, archaeology, faculty of history North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia

Yu.N. YERMOLAYEVA Ph.D., associate Professor Department of world, national history, Ethnology, archaeology, faculty of history North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia

M.F. MARKOVA Ph.D., associate Professor Department of world, national history, Ethnology, archaeology, faculty of history North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia

SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE S.N. GOROKHOV IN THE CONTEXT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARCTIC AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA) UNDER MODERN CONDITIONS

In modern Russia, the prospects for the development of the Arctic region require not only the search for new parameters of economic development, but also the study of the works of researchers who considered the internal and external causes that caused the slowdown in the socio-economic growth of the regions of the North and the Arctic. This article attempts to summarize the main directions of scientific activity of S.N. Gorokhov devoted to the study of the problems of the North and the Arctic. Some views of S.N. Gorokhov on the preservation of the specifics of economic activity, traditional way of life and way of life of indigenous residents and approaches of their further development, the need to open new priority specialties taking into account the prospects of development of Arctic and northern regions in higher and secondary educational institutions, increase of educational potential among the population of northern territories have not lost relevance today. Studies of modern strategies and new opportunities for the development of the Arctic region in the context of globalization show the centuries-old sustainability of the model of the culture of life support of the small indigenous peoples of the North, based on the combination and synthesis of elements of modern (urbanized) and archaic (northern) cultures. The current specifics of the economic activity of the peoples of the Arctic region shows that it maintains a single traditional model of environmental management and continues to be the basis for the conservation of environmental values, which play a significant role in the further sustainable economic and cultural development of the northern territories.

The analysis of the works of S.N. Gorokhov contributes to the understanding of the current state of socio-economic, socio-political and cultural development of the Arctic and northern territories and the main directions of transformation processes and adaptation mechanisms taking place in society.

Key words: S. Gorokhov, the North and the Arctic, historiographical review, scientific heritage, indigenous peoples.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.003

D.A. ANIKIN Сandidate of philosophical sciences, docent, associate Professor of the Department of history and theory of politics, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

CIVIL WAR AS A SUBJECT OF MEMORY POLICY

The article considers the specifics of the Civil War as a subject of memory policy in modern Russian society. On the basis of a comparative analysis of the commemorational practices of the United States and the Russian Federation, the specifics of the use of the image of the Civil War in Russia are justified, which is explained by the following factors: the establishment of a new social system, which fundamentally denied continuity in relation to the previous State, the symbolic non-alternative of the policy of remembrance, the rejection of public compromise between the former participants of the Civil War. The author identifies the following promising areas of research into the policy of remembrance of the Civil War: the identification of political actors, which can be both individual organizations and virtual communities; Introduction of the communes of figures of the White and Red Movement, including the appearance of memorial signs, renaming of streets, opening of monuments; Studying regional "cases" that overcome the dichotomy of "white" and "red" by designing local Civil War events and characters.

Key words: memory policy, Civil war, commemorational practices, symbolic policy, past, virtual communities.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.004

T.G. PISMENNAYA Candidate of Sciences (history), Associate Professor at the Chair of history, social science and pedagogical technologies, Branch of the Kuban state University in Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Russia

S.S. POGORELOV working for the Magistrate’s Degree at the Branch of the Kuban state University in Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Russia

А.N. RYABIKOV Candidate of Sciences (history), Head of the Chair of history, social science and pedagogical technologies, Branch of the Kuban state University in Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Russia

ON THE ACTIVITIES OF THE RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATION JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES ON TERRITORY OF THE KRASNODAR KRAI IN THE 60S-70S OF THE XX CENTURY

The article analyzes the activities of the religious association Jehovah's Witnesses in the Krasnodar Territory in 60-70 years. XX century The author examines the degree of knowledge of the problem, gives an assessment of the reasons for the emergence of a religious cult in the study area, explores the religious beliefs of adepts, especially their relationship with state power. He comes to the conclusion that the development of the activities of Jehovah's Witnesses in the Kuban in the 60-70s. XX century a number of factors contributed: strict conserving and tight control within religious communities, help from foreign centers in conducting missionary activities.

Key words: Jehovah's Witnesses, Krasnodar Territory, confessional politics, religion.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.005

N.V. SHCHEGLOV Graduate student, Ss Cyril and Methodius Institute of Post-Graduate Studies, Moscow, Russia

THE PROJECT HIGHER ADMINISTRATION OF THE RUSSION CHURCH IN THE DECISIONS OF THE ALL-RUSSIAN CONGRESS OF THE CLERGY AND LAITY OF 1917

The purpose of this article is to identify the decisions of the All-Russian Congress of Clergy and Laity in 1917, aimed to develop the higher administration of the Russian Orthodox Church. To achieve this goal, the object is set: to make a reappraisal of all documents of the work of the Congress and determine their scientific potential in this area for the first time ever. The methodological framework of the research is based on the principles of historicism, objectivity and system. An analysis of the research problem showed that the All-Russian Congress of the Clergy and laity only worked out preliminary provisions of a new concept of higher administration of the Russian Orthodox Church.

The publication introduces into the scientific circulation archival documents from the Department of Manuscripts of the Russian State Library.

Key words: Russian Orthodox Church, higher Church administration, diocesan congresses, All-Russian congress.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.006

S.N. YAKOVENKO Post-graduate student, Department of History, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF MILITARY TRANSPORT UNITS IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE REFORM OF THE RED ARMY IN 1921-1926

In this article, the author considers the structure and functions of the Military transport units and their change during the reform of the Workers 'and Peasants' red Army in 1921-1926. the Author also pays attention to the place of service of military communications in the General structure of the military administration of the USSR in the first half of the 1920s, along with this, the problem of complexity and heaviness of the system of military administration of the USSR in this period and attempts to modernize it are considered.

Key words: military transport, structure, reformation, the Workers 'and Peasants' red Army, transport system.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.007

V.V. KOTELNIKOV Graduate student, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education, Omsk State Pedagogical University, Faculty of History, Philosophy and Law, Department of Russian History, Omsk, Russia

THE ENTRY OF KAZAKHSTAN INTO RUSSIA (ACCESSION OF JUNIOR AND SENIOR ZHUZ)

The article presents the analysis and sequence of accession to Russia of the Younger and Elder Zhuz. The main historical events occurring in a certain historical period are considered. Some problems that were the main causal accession of Kazakhstan to Russia were also touched upon. The difficult domestic and foreign political situation of Kazakhstan in the world arena was analyzed. Also in this article, important issues of relations between Russia and Kazakhstan were highlighted.

Key words: Junior Zhuz, Middle Zhuz, Senior Zhuz, citizenship, association, Khanate, military alliance.

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICAL HISTORY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.008

L.F. BOLTENKOVA Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor of the Institute of public service and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

REVOLUTION AS A FORM (WAY) OF GOD'S PUNISHMENT FOR SINS PART III

By combining the analysis of religious and scientific and other secular sources, the author explains the thesis that revolutions in Russia are a form (way) of God punishment for the people’s sins.

The article has an introductory part, five content parts intricately linked and the final clauses.

In the introductory part, the author indicates the concept of sin and its components analyzing religious sources, emphasizing that it is the duty of religious leaders to carry God’s message to all population. The author believes that the historical experience of Russia shows that there were not so many people who strongly believed in God in the XIX-early XX centuries. The author adheres to the thesis that the serf system is a necessary reality in the process of the historical development of Russia. Still, in this reality, it is possible to exist in different ways.

In the content parts, the author defines the components of the religious concept of sin, the main features (properties) of the behaviour typical for the representatives of the ruling forces (such as emperors, officials, landowners, clergy) in the serf system. It is emphasized that orthodox Christianity is the state religion, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church is the Emperor that is why the Bible for is the most valuable Law for him, as well as for the clergy.

In reality, everything happened in such a way that the God Commandments were fulfilled either by atheists from different population sectors or by a small part of the faithful representatives of the ruling forces. The deeds of these people have been analyzed and presented to readers. These are the Decembrists, their wives, officials, soldiers, churchmen, poets, writers, critics, artists, commoners, serfs, revolutionaries. The main part of the voluminous article is devoted to this debating issue.

In the final clauses, the author suggests the need for a collective research work of a monographic nature that would allow opening the issue in the indicated direction.

Theologian, historian, philosopher, a lawyer should work together as the creative community. The emergence of such a work is important for the objective understanding of the XIX century, which led to the events of the XX century, contrary to various interpretations resulting from personal or corporate interests. Unity in regard to revolutionary events is serving like it was the beginning of universal confession of sins to God, and, consequently, the pledge of the present and future unity of Russia.

Key words: God Commandments, Bible, sin, Russia, serfdom, nobility, clergy, young generation, revolutionaries.

POLITICAL REGIONAL STUDIES AND ETHNOPOLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.009

G.M. GALKINA Рost-Graduate student of the Department Russian presidential Academy of National Economy and Public administration, Moscow, Russia

REGIONAL POLICY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: GOALS OF SCHOOLING

The article is devoted to studying the peculiarities of the formation and development of the regional policy of the European Union in the context of school (general) education. A brief overview of the current situation in the field of education in the world was made. The transformation of the goals of school education in the European Union as a whole, beginning in the 1980s, and in some member countries of this association has been considered. Special attention is paid to the problem of greater orientation of global actors, who formulate and develop regional policies of the Union in the field of education, to higher education. Recommendations are presented to stimulate the activity and increase the effectiveness of the regional educational policy of the European Union as a whole, but with a focus on the school (general) education system.

Key words: European Union, regional policy, school education, unified educational space, new state management.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.010

D.I. GALIMULLINA Рost-graduate student, Department of Diplomacy and Consular Services, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia

MECHANISMS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ETHNO-NATIONAL POLICY OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

The article discusses the national policy of Slovakia regarding national minorities, mainly in relation to the two largest ethnic groups – Hungarians and gypsies. The article provides quantitative indicators on the composition of each ethnic group. More than 10% of the population of Slovakia belong to 13 national minorities.

The aim was to consider the state of minorities at the moment and which legislative bodies are present, as well as how they solve language problems, problems of preserving culture, etc. The main source was the official website of the Government of Slovakia – https://www.vlada.gov.sk/, the website of the Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic – https://www.ustavnysud.sk/ustava-slovenskej-republiky, the government archival site – https://archiv.vlada.gov.sk/old.uv/index79aa.html?ID=6605, as well as the website of the Commissioner of the Government for National Minorities – https://www.narodnostnemensiny.gov.sk/.

The article identifies European structures along the lines of the rights and freedoms of citizens, namely the EU, the Council of Europe, and the OSCE, in which Slovakia adequately carries out its activities. The Constitution of the Slovak Republic and the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages are mentioned. In the Constitution of the Slovak Republic, citizens who are national minorities or ethnic groups in the Slovak Republic are guaranteed universal development, in particular the right to develop their own culture together with other members of a minority or group, to disseminate and receive information in their native language, to unite in national associations, educational and cultural institutions.

The indignation towards the government of Slovakia by the Hungarians in the part concerning the Trianon treaty is examined, the nationalistic sentiments of the local population regarding the Gypsies are described.

The article then provides the main body responsible for the situation of ethnic groups in the country – the Committee on National Minorities and Ethnic Groups and gives its detailed position.

KNMEG activity finds both positive assessments in the political circles of the Slovak Republic, in the Slovak society as a whole, criticism is also addressed to the Committee, which is mainly associated with the insufficient efficiency of its functioning.

Key words: Slovakia, national minorities, Hungarians, gypsies, Constitution, Committee.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.011

S.S. VAISHLYA Graduate student of the faculty of political science St. Petersburg state University, St. Petersburg, Russia

ETHNIC REGIONAL AUTONOMY OF LATGALE AS A RESULT OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND TERRITORIAL REFORM

The article, devoted to the analysis of administrative-territorial reform in the Republic of Latvia in 2019, concludes that there is a possibility of interethnic conflicts at the political level due to the instability of the model of relations "center-periphery" and destructive and ideological administrative-territorial reform. Instead of finding compromise and the possibility of participation of citizens of the Republic of Latvia and the Union of municipalities of Latvia in the reform, the Cabinet of Ministers unilaterally, with the centralization of power made the decision to promote the reform despite the negative response information field among companies and the leadership of local governments. That in turn can mobilize ethnic minorities to protect territorial identity in the territory of the Republic of Latvia.

Key words: administrative-territorial reform, ethnic regional autonomy, interethnic conflict, heterogeneity of society.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.012

A.H.O. OTHMAN PhD student of the Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Yemen

THE POWER SUCCESSION AND POLITICAL STABILITY IN THE SAUDI ARABIA

The subject of power succession in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a great importance because of the importance of the Kingdom in the international area, so its stability has a great role in the stability of the prices of oil in the world. We can say that the stability and continuity of the succession of power has essential role in the stability of the Kingdom while failure of power succession may cause instability or even anarchy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Key words: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, political stability, power, political system, power succession.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.013

G.Yu. NOSANENKO Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of «Theory of state and law and public law disciplines», Kazan Innovation University V.G. Timiryasova, Kazan, Russia

H.I. GAFIULLIN Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil and Business Law, Kazan Innovation University named after V.G. Timiryasova (IEUP), Kazan, Russia

POLICY AND LEGAL STATUS OF THE AUTHORIZED BY THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD AS INSTITUTE OF CIVIL SOCIETY

The goal is to analyze the political and legal status of the Commissioner for the Rights of the Child in the Russian Federation. Methods: as the main research methods were selected dialectic, systemic and comparative. The dialectical method made it possible to touch on the historical aspects of the issue under study and helped to choose specific research methods – comparative and systemic. The comparative method provided an opportunity to analyze the federal and regional aspects of the origin and development of the institution of the Commissioner for the Rights of the Child, and showed their interconnection and interdependence. The systemic method was the basis of the problem statement and determined the approach to the object as an integral set of elements in the totality of relations and relations between them. Results: controversial issues of the political and legal status of the children's ombudsman were identified, which on the one hand are characterized as a state body, on the other – as an institution of civil society. The significant role of the children's ombudsman in the formation of the rule of law and the development of the institution of the protection of rights and freedoms in Russia is noted. Conclusions: The Commissioner for the Rights of the Child in Russia can be considered both as an institution of civil society and as an official not endowed with authority. He acts as a link between the state and society, stands on the protection of the family and childhood. Being new to the Russian political system, the institution of the children's commissioner needs further legal regulation. Having appeared in the early 2000s, today this institute is available in all subjects of the Russian Federation, including the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol.

Key words: Commissioner for the Rights of the Child, Ombudsman, Mediatory Institutions, Legal State, Democratic State, Civil Society.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.014

E.V. TYSHTA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Institute of History and Law, Khakass State University named after N.F. Katanova, Abakan, Republic of Khakassia, Russia

MUNICIPAL FILTER THE POLITICAL MECHANISM OF ELECTIONS (FOR EXAMPLE, THE ELECTION OF THE HEAD OF THE REPUBLIC OF KHAKASIA)

This article is devoted to the analysis of the "municipal filter" as a political and legal institution. The author explores the legal basis of its formation. From the standpoint of political science, she regards it as a mechanism of administrative influence. As an example, the article considers the election of the head of the executive power in the Republic of Khakassia in 2018. The article posed the problem of the legitimacy of the regional authorities.

Therefore, regional elections are becoming a procedure for confirming the legitimacy of the current head of the region. In the Republic of Khakassia, a “tough” municipal filter led to the unification of opposition forces against the current governor and the victory of communist Valentin Konovalov.

Key words: Regional elections, municipal filter, political process, opposition, administrative resource.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.015

U.S. МААZOV Working for a post-graduate degree at the Chair of national and federative relations, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

PUBLIC ASSOCIATIONS OF THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC ARE AN IMPORTANT INSTITUTION OF THE CIVIL SOCIETY

The article analyzes the activities of public associations of the Chechen Republic. The main place is given to the study of their role in the political processes. The article considers their influence on the strengthening of the civil society institutions in the Chechen Republic.

Key words: public associations, post-conflict period, political system, political processes, civil society, Civic Chamber.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.016

D.D. PROKOPCHUK Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

R.A. GRITSENKO Master Student of the Department of International Relations, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

A.A. DELGADO Master Student of the Department of History and Archeology, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russia

POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY SYSTEMS: CATEGORY ANALYSIS

In the modern world, parties are certain political organizations that unite people according to similar social interests, as well as goals and requirements, and take part in the distribution of political power and benefits. The word "party" itself comes from the word "part", which symbolizes parties as a set of different elements competing with each other within a single whole, for example, the state. Now many European parties are certain conglomerates of groups that not only disagree with each other on many issues, but also actively attract the electorate to their side, thereby causing certain conflicts of interest and views between the population. Parties articulate various conflicting interests and latent contradictions that exist in society, and also carry out an integrative function through the creation of a network of interregional communication channels, which allows to strengthen the sense of national identity or consolidates a nationwide governance system as a counterbalance to existing management bodies. This article discusses the prerequisites for the emergence of political parties, the formation of the party system, their categories, as well as the theoretical justification for the existence and principles of the functioning of political parties in the state.

Key words: political party, party system, institutionalization, political institution, interest group, society.

POLITICAL CULTURE AND IDEOLOGY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.017

A.B. ANANCHENKO Candidate of historical Sciences, Director of the Institute of history a politics Moscow state pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

N.A. TUKOV Candidate of historical Sciences, Executive Director Of the center for social and political projects and communications, associate Professor of social and political research and communications of the Moscow pedagogical University state University, Moscow, Russia

V.L. SHAPOVALOV Candidate of historical Sciences, associate Professor, associate Professor of the Department of social and political research and technology Moscow state pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES AND YOUNG TEACHERS IN THE CONTEXT OF FORMATION OF THE RUSSIAN POLITICAL IDENTITY

The article presents the results of the study of civil, personal and professional values of future teachers as a factor in the formation of political identity of students. The study was conducted in September-November 2019 in Kemerovo, Rostov-on-don, Taganrog and Stavropol. The following research methods were used: group and individual interviews. The respondents were students of the direction of pedagogical directions of training of Moscow pedagogical universities and young teachers of Moscow schools under the age of 25 years.

Key words: political identity, civic, personal and professional values, value orientations, education, upbringing, politics, power, opposition.

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF THE GLOBALIZING WORLD

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.018

E.P. MAKAROV Ph.D., senior lecturer of the department Sociology, Political Science and History of the Fatherland, Samara State Technical University, Samara, Russia

SOCIO-POLITICAL PROCESSES AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF VIEWS ON HEALTH CARE REFORM IN THE UNITED STATES

The article analyzes a set of assessments and views that have developed in the scientific community on the issue of US health reform. A review of the studies on health reforms in Medicare and Obamacare, as well as the examination of the institutional features of US health insurance, have demonstrated that the modern health care system is in crisis and in need of gradual reform in a number of parameters. At present, one can observe how the formation of new opinions on this reform is taking place in the power circles of the United States. Modern research and analytical reports reveal new points of view, which are gradually voiced among American politicians and scholars studying this issue. Together, these circumstances allow us to talk about a rethinking of existing approaches to the problem and past experience of considering this issue as a whole. This should be taken into account both in the scientific understanding of the problems, and in the development of strategies for getting out of the crisis situation. It is important to take into account the fact that in the Obama presidency, the health reform project was one of the main elements of social policy. Extremely ambiguous perceived both in the political environment and in society as a whole, the draft reform served as a starting point for discussion of this issue. Considering the features of the US healthcare system, it is worth noting that understanding the role of the insurance sector is becoming one of the fundamental criteria for developing the quality of medical care. Ensuring the sustainable development of the health care system, in many respects, will depend on choosing the right strategy for interaction of workers, employers and insurance companies, which will help rationally use all available resource potential.

Key words: insurance medicine, health care system, reform, medical care, outpatient services, insurance contributions, labor relations, social services.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.019

MEDINA GONZALEZ VINICIO XAVIER PhD in Historical Science, Adjunct Lecturer of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

MURILLO CUENCA LUIS ARTURO Master Student of the Department of Theory and History of International Relations Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE AS A TOOL OF «SOFT FORCE» IN EXTERNAL ECUADOR POLICY AT THE PRESENT STAGE

This article discusses the main aspects of international assistance in the foreign policy of Ecuador. The analysis of key areas and trends in the foreign policy of Ecuador at the present stage of development of international relations is carried out. Events in the field of international assistance are highlighted. It is shown that international assistance by Ecuador to other countries is an instrument of “soft power” in foreign policy, which Ecuador adheres to today. The main directions in the foreign policy of the country are considered, among which the protection of sovereignty and peace building are especially highlighted; protection of human rights and the environment; strengthening multilateralism; promotion of human rights; coordination of international cooperation. The role of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ecuador in the dissemination of the policy of “soft power” is identified and its key tasks are identified: external relations and political integration in the framework of bilateral and multilateral relations; promoting Latin American integration through the creation of mechanisms to consolidate the economic, political and cultural blocs; conducting foreign policy activities based on self-determination of peoples; the transition to environmental sustainability of the planet. In the study, methods of historical and factual analysis, structural-functional, statistical, systemic, comparative methods were used.

Key words: international assistance, foreign policy, soft power, international relations, Ecuador, Latin America.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.020

E.D. KACHUROVSKIY Post-graduate student of the Department of Comparative Politics of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL STRIFE IN VENEZUELA FROM PERSPECTIVE OF FEDERAL RELATIONS

Venezuela is one of the four federations in Latin America. Today the political crisis there is has escalated. The conflict between the governing United Socialist Party and the opposition continues. At the same time the federation is split geographically. It has both pro-government states and oppositional ones. The author examines the political struggle in Venezuela from the perspective of its states. The research aim was to identify the regional diversification in this strife. The pursuit of this goal involves several research activities. Namely, the author analyzes the results of the gubernatorial elections since 1998 (i.e. since left radicals led by Hugo Chávez came to power) till now. For this purpose he uses statistical analysis of the results of the regional elections. He also considers possible reasons for the fact that most states are controlled by the government. Besides, the author studies the regional parties, their implication and position in the political spectrum, whom they supported more frequently – Maduro or the opposition – and whether they had considerable achievements in the political arena. The author investigates the geography of the origins of the Venezuelan elite, in particular, the origins of the members of the Government and the Parliament. As a result of the research the author divides the states into the pro-government ones (those which support the current president Nicolas Maduro) and the oppositional ones (those that directly or indirectly support the coalition "Democratic Unity Roundtable").

Key words: Latin America, Venezuela, political science, political regional studies, regions, elections, political parties.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.021

L.E. MAMMADOV Post-graduate, Diplomatic Academy Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

STATE INTERESTS OF AZERBAIJAN IN THE BALKAN REGION

This article is devoted to the implementation of the main state interests of the Republic of Azerbaijan in the countries of the Balkan region. The study reflects the directions and principles of the current political course of Azerbaijan in the region, the condition of international relations and diplomacy in the context of a balance of forces, the preservation of national interests and the achievement of goals and objectives.

Key words: Azerbaijan, Balkan region, international relations, realism, diplomacy, world energy, energy security.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.022

WU TING Post-graduate at the Department of Comparative Political Science, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia; Teachers of Northwest Normal University, China

HIGHER EDUCATION REFORM IN RUSSIA AND CHINA IN THE 21ST CENTURY: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

The article analyzes the experience of state educational policy of the Russian Federation and China. Similar approaches to the modernization of the sphere of education are noted. The difficulties in the implementation of the reform of the education system in Russia and China are described. Special emphasis is placed on the role of information technology in expanding the educational space.

Key words: higher education, training, reform, modernization, educational technology, Russia, China.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.023

ZHAO TIANTIAN Post-graduate student of Peoples ' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

THE NATIONAL IMAGE OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND RUSSIAN FEDERATION AT THE PRESENT STAGE: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

The article deals with the international image of China and Russia at the present stage. We conduct a comparative analysis of how the world community perceives the main components of the country's image: economic development, the use of soft power policies, the image of heads of state and a general attitude towards the People’s Republic of China and Russia in the modern world.

Key words: national image, People's Republic of China, Russian Federation, “soft power”, foreign policy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.024

RANDAH MADINGUE PhD-student, Department of political analysis and management, People' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN university), N'Djamena, Republic of Chad

INTERETHNIC RELATIONS AS A FACTOR OF THE INEFFICIENCY OF POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE INSTABILITY OF CENTRAL AFRICAN COUNTRIES

The article discusses interethnic relations and their impact on political institutions and the stability of the countries of central Africa. The author argues that in the last decade, relations among the peoples of the countries of Central Africa have worsened, to more conflictual relations due to historical, social, political, cultural, psychological and situational reasons. Despite the policies of the Central African states government at the national level and the large role of various civil societies in strengthening and consolidating national unity and the intervention of international and regional communities and organizations.

Key words: Interethnic relations, instability of political institutions, inefficiency of political institutions, central Africa, conflict, ethnicity, relationships.

HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.025

A.A. EGIKOV Post-graduate Student, Department of General History North Ossetian State University named after K.L. Khetagurov, Teacher of history and social studies Municipal educational institution secondary school №. 15 named after Hero of the Soviet Union Mildzikhov Kh.Z., Vladikavkaz, Russia

NAGORNO-KARABAKH AS THE CENTER OF INSTABILITY IN THE SOUTH CAUCASUS

A scientific article is devoted to the controversial regional situation of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus. The study provides a brief analysis of the history of the region, starting from the ancient period until the establishment of Soviet power in Karabakh. Particular attention is paid to the reasons for the rather variegated composition of the population of the region on ethnic and religious grounds. In this context, the demographic policy of the Russian Empire is analyzed after Nagorno-Karabakh became part of the latter. From this comes the fact that the relevance of the problem described in the scientific study is at a fairly high level, given the constant armed conflicts for various reasons in the region throughout its history. This circumstance is especially important when studying the ethno-territorial clash between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the post-Soviet space.

Based on this, the purpose of this scientific study is a detailed analysis of the history of the formation of the disputed status of Nagorno-Karabakh and its impact on the geopolitical situation in the South Caucasus, on the nature of the Armenian-Azerbaijani relations at the present stage and will allow to answer a number of questions that relate to the absence of any diplomatic soil between these states.

The objectives of the scientific article are: searching for the reasons for the formation of such a multifaceted ethnic and religious population of Nagorno-Karabakh at the present stage, assessing the role of the USSR in resolving the issue of the territorial affiliation of the region, as well as analyzing the consequences of the decisions of the latter for the entire situation in the South Caucasus in the context of relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which is important, given their hostility at the present stage.

Key words: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh, conflict, territorial affiliation, instability, South Caucasus.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.026

A.M. PETRUKHIN Graduate Student of State University of Management, Moscow, Russia

OPENING AND BEGINNING OF WORK OF THE FIRST STATE DUMA OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE ON THE PAGES OF BRITISH PRESS

The article considers the reaction of British periodicals of various political orientations to the opening of the first State Duma of the Russian Empire. This event generated increased interest in the British political environment and was perceived as the birth of the bases of parliamentarism in Russia, as well as an attempt to limit the emperor’s autocratic power. Special attention is paid to how the English correspondents reacted to the reply address of the members of the Duma to the "throne speech" of Nicholas II. As a result of the study, it was found out that the authors of the articles did not always convey truthful information to the British reader and correctly interpret the events taking place in Russia. Nevertheless, materials from the British press are important sources to complement the overall historical picture.

Key words: State Duma, parliamentarism, throne speech, amnesty, bureaucracy, Council of Ministers, State Council, British press.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.57.12.027

GENG YIJING Graduate student of the Russian Language Department, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu province, China

HERO OF THE SOVIET UNION A.S. BLAGOVESCHENSKY ON CHINA LAND

The topic of this study is the personal contribution of the Soviet ace A.S. Blagoveshchensky in the fight against the Japanese militarists in China in 1937 - 1938 and his influence on the development of relations between China and the USSR in the future. The relevance of the presented work is due to both the small number of scientific publications devoted to the participation of the Soviet Air Force in repelling the aggression of the Japanese militarists against China, and the often politicized and fragmented nature of coverage of this topic. The aim of the presented study is to assess the personal merits of A.S. Blagoveshchensky in the organization of the combat work of Soviet volunteers and military personnel of the Chinese Air Force, as well as the establishment of relations between them. The methodology of work is built on the basis of a combination of elements of the biographical method and case study. The author concludes that A.S. Blagoveshchensky significantly improved the tactics of the combat work of the Soviet volunteers and military personnel of the Chinese Air Force, while simultaneously contributing to their consolidation. Blagoveshchensky became one of the main factors that ensured the disruption of the air attack on the Wuhan of the Japanese Air Force. Thanks to the efforts of A.S. Blagoveshchenskogo in the minds of a significant part of the Chinese, a positive image of the Soviet man was formed, he was separated from the image of the Russian / European colonizer. Due to this, the experience of interaction A.S. Blagoveshchinsky with the Chinese side strengthened and expanded the prerequisites for further cooperation between the two countries in the future.

Key words: Soviet volunteers, military pilots, Alexei Blagoveshchensky, Japan’s resistance war, the battle of Wuhan, the Air Force.

Scientific Journal “Issues of National and Federative Relations”. Volume 9. Issue 11 (56), 2019.

CONTENTS

DOMESTIC HISTORY, ETHNOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY

  • Akkieva S.I., Magomedova R.M. Transformation of Public Institutions of the Peoples of the North Caucasus in the XIX Century
  • Suslov M.G. Historical Evaluations of the Work of the GULAG System During the Great Patriotic War
  • Dandamaeva Z.E. From the History of Ethnographic Study of the Peoples of Dagestan
  • Belaya E.G. Modern System of Teaching Martial Art Wushu in Shaolin Monastery
  • Lutsenko P.N. Work of State Bodies and Public Organizations on Improvement of Military-Technical and Physical Training of Youth in 1970-1980 (on Materials of Regions of the Ural Region)
  • Ignatov V.V. Political Course N.S. Khrushchev and his Commemorative Image in Assessing Domestic and Foreign Historiography

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICAL HISTORY

  • Boltenkova L.F. Revolution as a Form (Way) of God's Punishment for Sins. Part II

POLITICAL REGIONAL STUDIES AND ETHNOPOLITICS

  • Arapkhanova L.Ya. Ethno Elites in National Movement in the North Caucasus at the End of the XX
  • Kostoev Z.I. Features of National Policy of Russia in the North Caucasus

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

  • Ananchenko A.B., Titov V.V., Shapovalov V.L. Formation of Political Identity in Modern Russia: Basic Trends and Perspectives
  • Alipulatov I.S. Television – the Mirror of Social Life: the Current State and Prospects of Development (Experience of the Republic of Dagestan)
  • L’vov S.V., Tukov N.A., Shapovalov V.L. Civic, Personal and Professional Values of Future Teachers: Results of the Moscow Stage of the Study
  • Movsesyan O.I. Personality of the Political Leader

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF THE GLOBALIZING WORLD

  • Kurylev K.P., Martynenko E.V. Russian-Chinese Economic Cooperation in the Context of the «One Belt, One Way» Project. EAEU and SCO Factor
  • Vinogradov I.S. Uzbekistan – China: Strategic Partnership in the 21st Century
  • Zhao Tiantian “Chinese Wfy” – Main Features and Prospects of Development
  • Wu Ting, Hovhannisyan A.L. Features of Chinese Foreign Policy on Russian Direction
  • Nasratullah Rawan, Grishin O.E. From Conflict to Connectivity: the Emerging Regional Transformation of Afghanistan
  • Amini A.R. Influence of Amanulla Khan Reforms on Afghanistan's Political System
  • Ezhova M.Yu. ISIS: Religion, Terrorism or Something Else?
  • Gajiev M.A. Drug Securitization: Combating the Supply of Illegal Drugs
  • Gassiev Z.N. German Business and Political Elites Climate Protection Relationship

HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

  • Bakulia I.Yu. Outstanding Statesman of the Republic of South Africa (Union of South Africa). Ian Christian Smuts, Founder of the Holism System Paradigm

Our authors № 11-2019

DOMESTIC HISTORY, ETHNOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.001

S.I. AKKIEVA Doctor of Historical Sciences, Leading Researcher Institute for Humanitarian Studies – a branch of the Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nalchik, Russia

R.M. MAGOMEDOVA Doctor of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Russia

TRANSFORMATION OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS OF THE PEOPLES OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN THE XIX CENTURY

The article describes the ongoing transformations of public institutions of the peoples of the North Caucasus in the 19th century. The idea is emphasized that the study of societies of the peoples of the North Caucasus demonstrates a deep understanding of the peculiarities of the national psychology of its ethnic groups, the nature and origin of customs, traditions, rites, and also helps to optimize social and ethnocultural information circulating in society of regulatory systems that are a kind of social filter of human existence. It is indicated that relations that have already arisen in primitive societies were designed not only to disseminate and redistribute values in society, but also to create new ones and maintain existing social ties between individuals. It is argued that among the peoples of the North Caucasus, the relations of social institutions, preserved in various forms, are an integral element of both ethno-etiquette and the entire system of social relations: kinship, marriage, friendship, etc. In conclusion, all the public institutions listed in the work were “transferred "In our time, to establish the "preservation" of the principal behavior of the peoples of the North Caucasus.

Key words: North Caucasus, social institutions, people, transformation, relations, socio-economic relations, Russian administration, revival, modernization, land relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.002

M.G. SUSLOV Doctor of Historical Sciences (Advanced Doctor), Professor, Professor of the Department of State-Legal Disciplines Perm Institute of the Federal Penal Correction Service of Russia, Perm, Russia

HISTORICAL EVALUATIONS OF THE WORK OF THE GULAG SYSTEM DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

The article examines how production activities were organized in the camps of the Gulag system during World War II, it analyzes the volumes of work performed by prisoners, reveals the absolute and relative indicators of military products produced in the camps, as well as products used for the needs of the army, and substantiates the contribution of these activities in achieving victory over the enemy.

Key words: GULAG, production, weapons, equipment, ammunition, prisoners, management.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.003

Z.E. DANDAMAEVA Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russia

FROM THE HISTORY OF ETHNOGRAPHIC STUDY OF THE PEOPLES OF DAGESTAN

The transformations taking place in the country, the attempts of democratic transformations of all sides of Dagestan's life, have updated the ethnographers' interest in its historical past. The experience of exploring the ethnic culture of Dagestan in the ХІХ-ХХ centuries explains the approaches and judgments about many aspects of the history and culture of mountain peoples.

The relevance of the topic of the article lies in the proof that the ethnic factor in Dagestan has always existed and will remain a key moment in the foreseeable future. Especially given the role of numerous nationalities of the republic in preserving ethnic culture and traditions.

Key words: ethnography, ethnoculture, traditions, ethnographic study, museum work, museum funds, local history.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.004

E.G. BELAYA candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, School of Arts and Humanities, Far East federal university, Senior Researcher, Institute of History, archeology and ethnography of peoples, Far East FEB RAS, Russia, Vladivostok

MODERN SYSTEM OF TEACHING MARTIAL ART WUSHU IN SHAOLIN MONASTERY

The modern world is undergoing a process of globalization of cultures, which has ceased to be a closed holistic entity and is not amenable to change. Chinese Wushu is no exception, preserving its tradition and culture, despite the ongoing processes. From Chinese, Wushu is translated as “martial art,” which has a large number of names over its centuries-old history. Quanshu (“fist art”), Gongfu (skill, asceticism), Goshu (national art), etc. Such art involves following traditions and canons. The Shaolin martial art received a deep philosophical content and gained the spirit of Chan, originating in the walls of the monastery. In August 2019, we conducted a field study at the Shaolin Buddhist monastery in Henan province, located on Songshan Mountain, which has been on the UNESCO list since 1997. For our study, the most interesting were the works of V.V. Malyavin, A.A. Maslov, and Lu Hongjun, which presented the essence of traditional martial arts of Wushu, developing the physical, spiritual and moral capabilities of the trainees. The result of a survey of students showed that the requirements of the school are very high. For training, 200 people aged 3-29 are enrolled in the school and are interviewed and pass an exam. They need to be honest, kind, peaceful, have iron willpower and most importantly health. In the article the author on the basis of field material and the analysis of scientific literature considers features of system of training of Wushu, transfer of experience, preparation of younger generation in modern educational process. It is through training and competitions that the level of physical, moral and aesthetic training of pupils is taken into account.

Key words: Shaolin monastery, Chinese martial art, Wushu, Chinese Buddhism, spiritual and physical education.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.005

P.N. LUTSENKO adjunct department of history, Military University, Moscow, Russia

WORK OF STATE BODIES AND PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS ON IMPROVEMENT OF MILITARY-TECHNICAL AND PHYSICAL TRAINING OF YOUTH IN 1970-1980 (ON MATERIALS OF REGIONS OF THE URAL REGION)

This article is devoted to the activities of state bodies and public organizations of the USSR to improve and develop military-technical training of youth in the 70s-80s of the twentieth century. The author reveals the sequence of development and the impact of this process on the requirements for military personnel. The historical necessity of development of system of preparation of youth for service in army is shown. The work of the CPSU, DOSAAF of the USSR and the leadership of the Armed Forces to prepare young people for service in the army is shown.

Key words: state bodies and public organizations, military-technical training, government resolutions, CPSU Central Committee, DOSAAF.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.006

V.V. IGNATOV graduate student of Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia

POLITICAL COURSE N.S. KHRUSHCHEV AND HIS COMMEMORATIVE IMAGE IN ASSESSING DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN HISTORIOGRAPHY

This scientific article is a detailed analysis of historiography on the problem of "the political course of Khrushchev and his commemorative image". The purpose of the publication is to show the common features and differences of biographical and memoir editions written by Khrushchev's contemporaries, as well as to analyze new interdisciplinary studies on this problem.

Key words: commemoration, an image N.S. Khrushchev, historical memory, political leadership, intraparty struggle.

THEORY, PHILOSOPHY AND POLITICAL HISTORY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.007

L.F. BOLTENKOVA Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Professor of the Institute of public service and management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia

REVOLUTION AS A FORM (WAY) OF GOD'S PUNISHMENT FOR SINS PART II

By combining the analysis of religious and scientific and other secular sources, the author explains the thesis that revolutions in Russia are a form (way) of God punishment for the people’s sins.

The article has an introductory part, five content parts intricately linked and the final clauses.

In the introductory part, the author indicates the concept of sin and its components analyzing religious sources, emphasizing that it is the duty of religious leaders to carry God’s message to all population. The author believes that the historical experience of Russia shows that there were not so many people who strongly believed in God in the XIX-early XX centuries. The author adheres to the thesis that the serf system is a necessary reality in the process of the historical development of Russia. Still, in this reality, it is possible to exist in different ways.

In the content parts, the author defines the components of the religious concept of sin, the main features (properties) of the behaviour typical for the representatives of the ruling forces (such as emperors, officials, landowners, clergy) in the serf system. It is emphasized that orthodox Christianity is the state religion, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church is the Emperor that is why the Bible for is the most valuable Law for him, as well as for the clergy.

In reality, everything happened in such a way that the God Commandments were fulfilled either by atheists from different population sectors or by a small part of the faithful representatives of the ruling forces. The deeds of these people have been analyzed and presented to readers. These are the Decembrists, their wives, officials, soldiers, churchmen, poets, writers, critics, artists, commoners, serfs, revolutionaries. The main part of the voluminous article is devoted to this debating issue.

In the final clauses, the author suggests the need for a collective research work of a monographic nature that would allow opening the issue in the indicated direction.

Theologian, historian, philosopher, a lawyer should work together as the creative community. The emergence of such a work is important for the objective understanding of the XIX century, which led to the events of the XX century, contrary to various interpretations resulting from personal or corporate interests. Unity in regard to revolutionary events is serving like it was the beginning of universal confession of sins to God, and, consequently, the pledge of the present and future unity of Russia.

Key words: God Commandments, Bible, sin, Russia, serfdom, nobility, clergy, young generation, revolutionaries.

POLITICAL REGIONAL STUDIES AND ETHNOPOLITICS

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.008

L.Ya. ARAPKHANOVA candidate of political sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Socio- Political Research, Ingush Research Institute for the Humanities named after Chakh Akhriev, Magas, Russia

ETHNO ELITES IN NATIONAL MOVEMENT IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS AT THE END OF THE XX

This article discusses the period of transformation of society and the state at the end of the 20th century and the associated national movements in the regions of Russia. Of particular interest are the events associated with the change of the political regime, the democratization of society and the adoption of a number of political documents on the rehabilitation of repressed peoples, which played a significant role in the transformation of the national elites of Russia. The process of restoring the statehood of peoples, restoring historical truth and the participation of new political forces from among the national leaders of the Ingush, Balkars, Kalmyks, Crimean Tatars and other peoples is shown.

Key words: political elite, leaders, state, sovereignty, autonomy, national movements.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.009

Z.I. KOSTOEV researcherof the Ingush scientific research Institute named after Chah Akhriev, Magas, Russia

FEATURES OF NATIONAL POLICY OF RUSSIA IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS

The North Caucasus region, in its geopolitical position, had its own characteristics for Russian national policy. Recently, this region has become a test site for the strength of Russian statehood. The historical experience of the formation of the Russian state determined the need for peaceful coexistence and mutually beneficial joint activities with neighboring peoples. In addition to combining a significant number of mountain peoples into the imperial system, which had positive economic, political and cultural consequences, determined the development of education, pro-Russian mountain intelligentsia began to appear.

Key words: national policy, North Caucasus, colonial policy, ethnic diversity.

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS, PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.010

A.B. ANANCHENKO candidate of historical Sciences, Director of the Institute of history and politics Moscow state pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

V.V. TITOV candidate of political science, senior researcher at the University of Finance under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

V.L. SHAPOVALOV candidate of historical Sciences, associate Professor, associate Professor of the Department of social and political research and technology Moscow state pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

FORMATION OF POLITICAL IDENTITY IN MODERN RUSSIA: BASIC TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES

The article describes the process of political identity formation in modern Russia, indicates that political identity is a complex and multidimensional construct that includes national-state self-identification, political-ideological and party attitudes. It is indicated that by the mid-2000s. Russian society has largely overcome the crisis of national-state identity. But today the «identity policy» faces such urgent tasks as constructing the image of the future under the dominance of the «virtual» identification constructs of the Runet, optimization the memory policy, developing the symbolic space of the «matrix» of all-Russian identity, developing new tools for shaping youth’s political self-identity using the tools of Internet-communications.

Key words: political identity, psychoanalysis, image of «ours», image of «others», national-state identity, identity crisis, political symbols, political generations, simulated self-identifications.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.011

I.S. ALIPULATOV political scientist, Head of the Department of Electronic Media of the Dagestan State University, chairman of the Dagestan branch Media Union of Russia, member of the Public Chamber of the Republic of Dagestan, co-chairman of the All-Russian Popular Front in the Republic of Dagestan, Makhachkala, Russia

TELEVISION – THE MIRROR OF SOCIAL LIFE: THE CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT (EXPERIENCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF DAGESTAN)

The role of modern media in the formation, orientation or disorientation of public opinion is considered Mainly on the example of Dagestan realities, the main factors influencing the formation of the media system are indicated. The question is raised about the reasons for the decrease in public confidence in the journalistic word. The analysis of resources that can change the situation for the better, taking into account the interests of media owners, the journalistic Department and society as a whole. The article attempts to answer the question: are there any conditions for the activities of the media in Russia as objective and reliable sources of information in the system of "power – society"? Or is the media in Russia just ordinary instruments of political influence by the institutions of power on citizens and society?

Key words: mass media, trust, society, financing, journalism, political dependence of mass media, economic dependence of mass media.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.012

S.V. L’VOV candidate of sociological Sciences, director of strategic development All-Russian center for public opinion research, Moscow, Russia

N.A. TUKOV candidate of historical Sciences, Executive Director оf the center for social and political projects and communications, associate Professor of social and political research and communications of the Moscow pedagogical University state University, Moscow, Russia

V.L. SHAPOVALOV candidate of historical Sciences, associate Professor, associate Professor of the Department of social and political research and technology Moscow state pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

CIVIC, PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL VALUES OF FUTURE TEACHERS: RESULTS OF THE MOSCOW STAGE OF THE STUDY

The article presents the results of the first stage of the study of civil, personal and professional values of future teachers as a factor in the formation of political identity of students. The study was conducted in June-September 2019 in Moscow. The following research methods were used: group and individual interviews. The respondents were students of the direction of pedagogical directions of training of Moscow pedagogical universities and young teachers of Moscow schools under the age of 25 years.

Key words: values, attitudes, political identity, meanings, symbols, value-symbolic matrix, research, interview.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.013

O.I. MOVSESYAN Candidate of Sciences (political sciences), Faculty of Humanities, Ijevan branch of Yerevan state University, Yerevan, Armenia

PERSONALITY OF THE POLITICAL LEADER

A political leader should have a strong will to make political decisions, without confidence, he cannot transfer this confidence to society. This means that the political leader himself must be a real, competent and willful person, able to take responsibility for the destiny of the people. Certainly, the ability of a political leader to solve his own psychological problems is also a fundamental part of his activity. The ability of a political leader or a politician to cope with his psychological problems certainly influences his self-esteem. The self-esteem of a politician is an extremely important factor for his effectiveness.

Key words: political leader, authoritarianism, sluggishness and rigidity of thought, dictatorship.

POLITICAL PROBLEMS OF THE GLOBALIZING WORLD

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.014

K.P. KURYLEV Doctor in History, Professor of the Theory and history of international relations department, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia

E.V. MARTYNENKO Doctor of politics, Professor, Vice-rector of RUDN University, Head of Theory and History of Journalism Department, Moscow, Russia

RUSSIAN-CHINESE ECONOMIC COOPERATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE «ONE BELT, ONE WAY» PROJECT. EAEU AND SCO FACTOR

Today, Eurasia is a key region for understanding where Russia is reaffirming itself as a global power, and China is experiencing – through its Belts and Ways project – its global capabilities. Two large-scale projects on the path to which Russia and China can be successful, but also face many challenges, are the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and «One Belt, One Road» Initiative. The article is devoted to the study of the features of implementation and development prospects of the project «One Belt, One Road». Emphasis is placed on the history of the project, the stages of its implementation in China. Special attention is paid to Russian-Chinese economic cooperation, as well as to the prospects for its implementation, considering the operation of sanctions regimes. The economic forecasts for the development of the Silk Road until 2020 are also considered.

Key words: Silk Road, China, Russia, EAEU, SCO, sanctions, prospects.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.015

I.S. VINOGRADOV intern, Institute of history and politics, Moscow State University of Education, Moscow, Russia

UZBEKISTAN – CHINA: STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP IN THE 21ST CENTURY

The article is dedicated to strengthening multilateral cooperation between the PRC and the Republic of Uzbekistan at the present stage. The article pays attention to the formation of the Uzbek-Chinese economic partnership. China implements large number of investment projects in various sectors in Uzbekistan, thereby revealing the potential of the Uzbek economy. Uzbekistan is a strategic partner of the PRC in the energy sector and in implementing the global “one belt – one road” strategy. A vision of common threats helps to deepening security cooperation within the SCO and in bilateral relations. Cooperation in the humanitarian sphere is deepening; cooperation in the field of education and science has reached a high level.

Key words: China, Uzbekistan, strategic partnership, investment, one belt-one road, security, cultural ties.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.016

ZHAO TIANTIAN postgraduate student of Peoples ' Friendship University of Russia, Russia, Moscow

“CHINESE WFY” – MAIN FEATURES AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT

The PRC (People's Republic of China), as a rapidly developing economic power in the modern world, attracts worldwide attention for its achievements in the era of economic globalization. The main reason is that they have found a path suitable for their own development. China's achievements are primarily reflected in the economy, so the world calls it a " Chinese economic miracle." The article is aimed to analyze how China found its way in the conditions of globalization after the policy of "reform and openness", what amazing achievements have been achieved in the world, how China can achieve its "peaceful development" and what development trends will be manifested in the future.

Key words: global economy, China, Chinese way, foreign economic relations, reforming, Chinese dream, policy of «reforms and openness».

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.017

WU TING Post-graduate student of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia; Teachers of Northwest Normal University, China

A.L. HOVHANNISYAN Post-graduate student of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia

FEATURES OF CHINESE FOREIGN POLICY ON RUSSIAN DIRECTION

The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the PRC foreign policy at the present stage. The stages of development of Russian-Chinese relations and the prospects for the development of strategic partnership between the two countries are examined.

Key words: China, Russia, foreign policy, principles of foreign policy, bilateral relations.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.018

NASRATULLAH RAWAN Student of Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

O.E. GRISHIN Candidate in Political Science, Associate Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

FROM CONFLICT TO CONNECTIVITY: THE EMERGING REGIONAL TRANSFORMATION OF AFGHANISTAN

In this study, the opportunities and challenges for regional connectivity in Afghanistan is assessed. Among the opportunities, location of the country is one of the most important factors which make Afghanistan as a key of connection between South and Central Asia. Afghanistan can provide the most cost-effective and cheap transit routes, serving as a bridge for energy supplies including from Central Asia to the energy markets of South Asia and to Europe. Further, Afghanistan geographically located at the heart of Asia and a historical gateway to the Indian subcontinent. Afghanistan is poised to function as an Asian Roundabout. It is not aid but market access, transit investment and regional cooperation that Afghanistan seeks to assume a rightful place in the rank of developed states and countries and serve as an anchor of international and regional stability. Security issues in the country are among the obstacles. In recent years, the development in international trade in Afghanistan has been evaluated. Ongoing international transportation projects and other related projects which provide regional connectivity have been discussed.

Key words: Afghanistan, Asia, conflict resolution, international relationship, international trade, security, strategy.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.019

A.R. AMINI postgraduate student of the Department of Political Analysis and Management, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russia

INFLUENCE OF AMANULLA KHAN REFORMS ON AFGHANISTAN'S POLITICAL SYSTEM

The article discusses the reforms carried out by the ruler of Afghanistan Amanullah Khan in the first third of the twentieth century. At present, the political system of Afghanistan requires fundamental changes. Therefore, it is important to find the actual vector of its development by studying the historical experience of reforms, which is one of the potential factors of the formation of a new political system. The author believes that many socio-political problems of modern Afghanistan are identical to the problems that arose at the beginning of the last century. The aim of the study is to study the positive and negative consequences of Amanullah Khan's reforms and their impact on the political system of Afghanistan.

Key words: Afghanistan, political system, political reforms, Amanullah Khan, modernization, reform, young Afghan government.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.020

M.Yu. EZHOVA Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Children's Ombudsman Administration of the Head and Government of the Republic of Dagestan, Makhachkala, Russia

ISIS: RELIGION, TERRORISM OR SOMETHING ELSE?

The article deals with the problem of finding Russian citizens in the territories controlled by ISIS, the reasons for the departure of the civilian population (women with children, the elderly) to live in the so-called "Islamic state". What kind of identity are these people, citizens of what state they consider themselves, whether they are convinced adherents of the ideology of terrorism or were susceptible to the emotional potential of religious radicalism. Why, despite the large-scale efforts of the state to implement the idea of civil unity and solidarity, the formation of a civil identity, radical Islamism enjoys significant public support.

Key words: terrorism, radicalism, religion, citizenship, civil identity.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.021

M.A. GAJIEV Applicant for the Department of World political processes, MGIMO of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia

DRUG SECURITIZATION: COMBATING THE SUPPLY OF ILLEGAL DRUGS

The article reconstructs the history of the formation of the international antinarcotic regime through the prism of securitization theory (Copenhagen School of Security Studies). Three UN anti-drug conventions stand out separately, forming the normative basis of the “war on drugs” at the international level. The article notes that the United States was the leader in the formation of the regime and in the “war on drugs”. Unfortunately, according to many estimates this war is lost, but the United States used the regime and the war to solve tasks in other areas: the fight against terrorism and the fight against money laundering. In these areas, relative success has been achieved.

Key words: securitization, war on drugs, USA, UN.

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.022

Z.N. GASSIEV Ph.D. Student, Diplomatic Academy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Moscow, Russia

GERMAN BUSINESS AND POLITICAL ELITES CLIMATE PROTECTION RELATIONSHIP

Climate change has serious implications for food, water and energy security, for the global economy and relations between the countries of the world. Climate issues come to the fore in political battles in Western Europe. In Germany, the green confidently go to the forefront of political life.

Key words: Russia, Germany, USA, European Union, climate protection, business, political elites.

HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND WORLD POLICY

DOI 10.35775/PSI.2019.56.11.023

I.Y. BAKULIA Graduate student, public departments and federal relations, Russian Academy of National Economy and public service under the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

OUTSTANDING STATESMAN OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA (UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA). IAN CHRISTIAN SMUTS, FOUNDER OF THE HOLISM SYSTEM PARADIGM

Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa (1930-1948) Smuts had great influence in the imperial military cabinet of Great Britain. He was predicted to be appointed as a Prime Minister of Great Britain as a replacement for Churchill during the war in case of his disability. He was a party to the signing of two peace treaties that ended the first and Second World War. Member of the development of the UN Charter. Professor of Cambridge University, creator of the philosophy of Holism.

Key words: holism, political science, sociology, psychology, linguistics, social system, absolute integrity, phenomenology, Gestalt psychology, philosophy of science.

   
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