Academic journal “Eurasian Union: Issues of International Relations” Issue 2 (3), 2013

CONTENTS

THEORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

  • Pryakhin V.F. Religion and modern technological revolution
  • Yavchunovskaya R.A., Vasilenko A.M. Scientific and technological component of international cooperation: conceptual backgrounds
  • Меdvedeva N.N. Russia’s international image: theory and practice
  • Magadiev M.F. The role of institutions in the global governance

POLITICAL STABILITY AND NATIONAL SECURITY

  • Trunov I.L. Private mercenary armies as a political problem of instability of states
  • Demetradze M.R. Attempted coups in the recent history of Georgia (September 19, 2012 and February 8, 2013)
  • Gaiduk V.V., Zimina E.V. Origin of the ethno-political conflicts in the Eurasian space
  • Varsonofiev V.V. The issues of formation of national ideology and security in the outlooks of military commanders in the period of internal post-soviet era conflicts

CULTURE AND RELIGION IN THE EURASIAN SPACE

  • Boltenkova L.F., Yanuskin V.I. Civilization component of the Russian language
  • Schmidt V.V., Меlnik S.V. Regional Centre of Eurasia’s “spiritual power”: 10 years of dialogue between world and traditional religions
  • Nigmatullina T.A. Foreign and national experience of institutionalizing state youth policy: in search of optimal solutions
  • Muzakaev D.A. Historic peculiarities of the Chechen culture formation and development
  • Soloviev D.S. Possibilities for adaptation of international experience of federative relations for to-day Russia
  • Gammaev T.G. Influence of the ethno-religious factor on the national security of today Russia

Our authors № 2-2013 en

THEORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

V.F. PRYAKHIN DSc (political science), Club of Rome National Committee member

RELIGION AND MODERN TECHNOLOGICAL REVOLUTION

The new version of the concept of Russia's foreign policy was approved last February. The long-awaited document finally was published. Oddly enough the paper was willingly discussed by authors of the various segments of Russia’s political spectrum while it’s content was unknown. The first comments on publication however seem to be rather scarce and insipid. The reason of this the auther sees in the insignificant difference between the new and previous three versions since 1991.Nevertheless some new features are inserted into the passage dealing with the need to use the “soft power” to improve the Russia’s image to the world community. The thick stratum of domestic cultural and historical heritage is proposed to be used for this purpose more intensively.

Key words: Russia, foreign policy, concept, "soft power", cultural and historical heritage.

R.А. YAVCHUNOVSKAYA DSc (political science), professor at the faculty of national security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

A.M. VASILENKO post-graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION: CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUNDS

In her article, the author analyses conceptual backgrounds of the scientific and technological component of the international cooperation. Considering priorities in the implementation of the technological modernization of the Russian economy, scientific and technological cooperation between Russia and EU countries is of great importance in the context of the strategic partnership development.

Key words: international cooperation, integrative cooperation, scientific and technological cooperation, integration, scientific, technological and innovative policy.

N.N. МEDVEDEVA Ph.D. (political sciences)

RUSSIA’S INTERNATIONAL IMAGE: THEORY AND PRACTICE

In their article the author analyse issues connected with the formation of Russia’s image. According to them, a brand for Russia as a country has to be developed and promoted in the way many countries in the world do, otherwise all efforts to change the perception of our country would fail. In the conditions of world globalisation brands of countries have become a tool of cooperation but also of competition. A nation’s brand expresses the country’s character, its unique typical characteristics and raises its investment attractiveness.

Key words: international image, mechanisms, interests, international policy, Russia.

M.F. MAGADIEV Associate professor of social conflictology of the faculty of national security of the Russian presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

THE ROLE OF INSTITUTIONS IN THE GLOBAL GOVERNANCE

The article is devoted to the foundation of the necessity of creating the system of global governance and regulation which is established for ensuring the sustainable development and safety of the mankind in general. The author considers the matters connected with the point which system of the global governance must be and whether the above system is able to cope with the large scope of matters which are facing the international community.

Key words: globalization, international policy, international challenges and threats, global governance, global regulation.

POLITICAL STABILITY AND NATIONAL SECURITY

I.L. TRUNOV D.Sc. (law), Ph.D. (economics), Professor, Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, National President of the World Association of Lawyers

PRIVATE MERCENARY ARMIES AS A POLITICAL PROBLEM OF INSTABILITY OF STATES

In the article presents a brief analysis of the involvement of some private military companies in the bloody conflict Libya, Iraq, and Syria. Sanctified by the issues of legal regulation of both the Russian and international law.

Key words: Private Military Company, an instrument of international policy, Soldier of Fortune, the Somali pirates, the Montreux Document, the law on private military companies, crimes mercenaries.

М.R. DEMETRADZE DSc (political science), leading research fellow, Institute of Culturology of the Russian Ministry of Culture, professor at the chair of politics and international relations, Russian State University of the Humanities

ATTEMPTED COUPS IN THE RECENT HISTORY OF GEORGIA (September 19, 2012 and February 8, 2013)

The work analyses secret and open forms of coups d’etat that took place at the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st centuries in the Georgian political life. The author describes the political situation that has evolved after the creation of the Georgian Dream coalition. Special attention is paid to the seizure of power techniques, such as the escalation of political conflicts, increase of negative attitudes and aggression.

Key words: take-over, revolt, instigation, instigator of the conflict situation, imitative manipulations, revanchism, frustration, mass aggression, escalation of the situation, events in Georgia.

V.V. GAIDUK D.Sc. (political science), Ph.D. (law), Professor, Head of politology chair, Bashkir State University Vice-President of the National Union of Political Scientists director of the department for studying problems of political regionalistic and ethnopolitics of the Eurasian Scientific Research Institute of Legal Problems

Е.V. ZIMINA working for a Ph.D. degree at the chair of politology, Bashkir State University

ORIGIN OF THE ETHNO-POLITICAL CONFLICTS IN THE EURASIAN SPACE

In this article, the author with a certain degree of conventionality considers systematic interactions between inter-ethnic cultural and anthropological models of collective identities of the Russian society and comes to the conclusion that ethno-political conflicts in Russia predominantly have transformational character.

Key words: ethno-political conflict, transformations, crisis, post-Soviet space, identity, political culture.

V.V. VARSONOFIEV Ph.D. (political science)

THE ISSUES OF FORMATION OF NATIONAL IDEOLOGY AND SECURITY IN THE OUTLOOKS OF MILITARY COMMANDERS IN THE PERIOD OF INTERNAL POST-SOVIET ERA CONFLICTS

National ideology in the Soviet Army was based on such conceptual grounds as the role of nationalities issue in the military construction, national policy, role and place of nations at war, issues of inter-ethnic relations in military units, racial and ethnic problems and ways of resolving them, national and psychological features of the armed forces of the potential enemy, religious and national factors and others. In his article, the author analyses outlooks of prominent military commanders in the period of internal post-Soviet conflicts on the issues of formation of the national ideology.

Key words: ethnic and confessional component of a military concept, religious and national factors, controlled extremism, settlement of domestic conflicts, national interests, national armies, Islamic fundamentalism and extremism.

CULTURE AND RELIGION IN THE EURASIAN SPACE

L.F. BOLTENKOVA D.Sc. (law), Professor at the National and Federative Relations Department of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

V.I. YANUSKIN post-graduate student at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

CIVILIZATION COMPONENT OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE

Proceeding from their own understanding of the civilization, the authors analyzed functions fulfilled by the Russian language and came to the conclusion that it is contributing to the formation and development of the world civilization.

Key words: civilization, the Russian language, culture, art, foreign policy, principles of the social and political development.

V.V. SCHMIDT D.Sc. (philosophy), professor, chair of national and federative relations, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

S.V. МELNIK junior research fellow, Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences (INION RAN)

REGIONAL CENTRE OF EURASIA’S “SPIRITUAL POWER”: 10 YEARS OF DIALOGUE BETWEEN WORLD AND TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS

The article considers the experience of organizing and securing a dialogue between religions at the regional level, first, from the institutional point of view as an element of public diplomacy, and, second, from the socio-cultural point of view as a political and ideocratic resource of the system of international relations and the regional centre of power. The authors consider the accumulated experience and propose ways for the development of cooperation between religions and institutions.

Key words: dialogue of civilizations, cultures and religions, dialogue between religions, state-religion relations, public diplomacy, Congress of leaders of world and traditional religions, religious factor, religious organization, regional centre of power, Eurasia’s centre of “spiritual power.

Т.А. NIGMATULLINA PhD (history), Director of Bashkir Institute of Social Technologies, working for the doctorate degree at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

FOREIGN AND NATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF INSTITUTIONALIZING STATE YOUTH POLICY: IN SEARCH OF OPTIMAL SOLUTIONS

Contemporary period in the development of the Russian youth policy is characterized as a period of accumulation of social and political experience necessary for its effective functioning. In this connection, special attention is to be paid to the study of the experience of foreign countries that have advanced in this area to a certain level. The article provides a politological analyses of the youth policy carried out in European and Asian countries and makes an attempt to apply foreign youth practice to the Russian political reality.

Key words: politology, youth, state youth policy, foreign experience, institutionalisation.

D.A. MUZAKAEV post-graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

HISTORIC PECULIARITIES OF THE CHECHEN CULTURE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT

In his article, the author analyses specific historic features that have influenced the origin and subsequent development of the Chechen culture, based on the respect for the person as a wreath of creation, on the recognition of the individual as the highest value. The author makes an attempt to find answer to the fundamental question that faces a researcher of any original culture – the search for the spiritual message and the main idea around which its spiritual content is formed.

Key words: culture, society, originality, identification, tradition, Chechen people.

D.S. SOLOVIEV post-graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

POSSIBILITIES FOR ADAPTATION OF INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF FEDERATIVE RELATIONS FOR TODAY RUSSIA

In his article, the author analyses foreign countries’ experience of federative relations and possibilities for adapting it in to-day Russia. The foreign experience of separating powers and functions between the federation and its subjects is of considerable importance for analysing and improving federalism in the Russian Federation that cannot function without resolving legal issues of relations between the centre and the regions and without separating their powers and functions. One of the factors that raises the importance of comprehension and application of foreign experience at the present day stage of development of Russian federalism is the fact that it has a multi-century history of development, something that cannot be said about the Russian experience in that sphere.

Key words: federalism, separation of powers and functions, foreign experience, government administration, principles, mechanisms, institutions.

Т.G. GAMMAEV post-graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

INFLUENCE OF THE ETHNO-RELIGIOUS FACTOR ON THE NATIONAL SECURITY OF TODAY RUSSIA

The author analyses national security of today Russia and the influence on it of the ethnic and religious factors. He also researches the issues connected with the attainment of stability in the inter-ethnic relations, the status of which determines the general political situation in a poly-ethnic state.

Key words: national security, Russian Federation, ethnic and religious factors, inter-ethnic relations, balance, interests, society, power, state.

   
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