Scientific Journal “Issues of National and Federative Relations”. Issue 1 (28), 2015.

On the results of the scientific and methodological seminar on the topic: "Preservation and development of culture and languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, strengthening of their spiritual unity"

CONTENTS

OPENING REMARKS

  • Mikhaylov V.A. Language is the soul of the people and the spirit of the nation

ETHNIC RELATIONS AND LANGUAGE POLICY

  • Kalinina K.V. Theoretical and Methodological Aspects of Conservation and Development of the Peoples’ of Russia Languages
  • Donirova G.A., Dondokov A.A. Political and Legal Foundations for Preservation and Development of the Buryat language in the Republic of Buryatia
  • Petrov V.V. Languages of Indigenous Peoples of Yakutia and Problems of their Development
  • Landa K.G. Native Languages as a Factor of Identity and Uniqueness of the Peoples of Dagestan
  • Perkova D.V. Current Issues of State Language Policy of Russian Federation in the Context of the Strategy of the State Russian National Policy for the Period to 2025
  • Ketzyan G.V. Ethno-Linguistic Policy in Russia as a Basis for the Improvement of Interethnic Relations
  • Geleranskiy P.S. The Crimea and Russia: historical and linguistic aspect

NATIONAL POLICY AND ETHNIC CULTURE

  • Kanapyanova R.M. Increased Importance of the Ethno-Cultural Values in the Changing World Order
  • Nimaeva B.B. State and Civil Idenity and Ethno-Cultural Development as a Factor a National Security
  • Pryakhin V.F. Harmonious Purposeful Interethnic and Interfaith Policy as Russia’s "Soft Power" Tool in the International Arena
  • Suleymanova Sh.S. National Culture in the Context of National Policy
  • Gayduk V.V. Political Mediation in the Conditions of Ethno-cultural and Religious Diversity
  • Hizriev Z.H. Ethno-Cultural Resource in the Process of Formation of Legislative Power in the Chechen Republic
  • Аminov I.R. Ethnic Factor in Modern Russia: Issues of Nationality and Language

FEDERATIVE RELATIONS AND REGIONAL POLICY

  • Medvedev V.N. Impact of Federative Relations on the Public Administration System in Russia
  • Maystat M.A. Influence Paradigm of Political Legal Status of the Indigenous People on Their Tax Status (by the Example of Russia and the USA)
  • Nikonova M.N. Reflexive Control in the Processes of Collective Decision Making (Part II)
  • Butchanin A.M. Constitutional and Legal Basis and the Procedure of Crimea’s Entrance into the Russian Federation

Our authors № 1-2015

OPENING REMARKS

V.A. MIKHAYLOV DSc (History), Chief of the National and Federative Department of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

LANGUAGE IS THE SOUL OF THE PEOPLE AND THE SPIRIT OF THE NATION

ETHNIC RELATIONS AND LANGUAGE POLICY

K.V. KALININA D.Sc. (law), Professor at the National and Federative Relations Department of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE PEOPLES’ OF RUSSIA LANGUAGES

In the article, the author draws attention to the importance of further improvement of theoretical and methodological foundations of the language policy. He draws attention primarily to the issues of language and national identity, formation of literary languages and functioning of dialects, to the inter-relationship of state languages and accounting thereof in the national policy.

Key words: language, nation, language policy, literary languages, dialects, languages, language of interethnic communication.

G.A. DONIROVA PhD (philosophy), associate Professor of the Department of National and Federative Relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

А.А. DONDOKOV post-graduate student at the Department of National and Federative Relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

POLITICAL AND LEGAL FOUNDATIONS FOR PRESERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE BURYAT LANGUAGE IN THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA

The article analyzes the problems of preservation and development of the Buryat language in the Republic of Buryatia, the implementation of its functions as a state language, its application in the social and cultural spheres, improvement of education and information sphere. To address these and other questions it is necessary to further improve the legislation of the Republic of Buryatia in the fields of languages, education and culture.

Key words: Republic of Buryatia, Buryat language, native language, official language, language policy, education.

V.V. PETROV post-graduate student at the Department of National and Federative Relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

LANGUAGES OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF YAKUTIA AND PROBLEMS OF THEIR DEVELOPMENT

In this article, the authors discuss language problems of the indigenous small peoples of the North, in particular, Yakutia. Analyzing issues existing in this sphere, the author notes the decline in the use of the indigenous languages. They distinguish four classes of problems of indigenous languages: linguistic, social, humanitarian, informational and administrative.

Key words: language policy, indigenous peoples, North, Yakutia.

K.G. LANDA D.Sc. (political science) Professor at the National and Federative Relations Department of the Russian Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

NATIVE LANGUAGES AS A FACTOR OF IDENTITY AND UNIQUENESS OF THE PEOPLES OF DAGESTAN

The article addresses an important issue of preserving the unwritten languages in the modern Russian Dagestan. The author points out to the importance of preservation and development of native (milk or maternal) language as the main factor of preserving ethnic identity and self-identification, cultural characteristics and uniqueness of the Dagestan peoples. The article notes that indifference and poor decisions by state and local officials can lead to the complete disappearance of such languages.

Key words: language, national languages, self-identification, Dagestan languages, unwritten languages, identity, endangered world languages.

D.V. PERKOVA Candidate of Political Sciences head of the press center of the National Union of Political Scientists, Russia, Moscow

CURRENT ISSUES OF STATE LANGUAGE POLICY OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE STRATEGY OF THE STATE RUSSIAN NATIONAL POLICY FOR THE PERIOD TO 2025

This article is devoted to the state language policy in Russia in 2014-2015, results, problems, contradictions in the field of ethno-linguistic relations, trends and prospects of practical work and research in this area.

Key words: language policy, Native Language Day, the national language, languages of the peoples of Russia, Republic of Crimea, internation relations.

G.V. KETZYAN PhD (political sciences), deputy editor-in chief of the review, Russia, Moscow

ETHNO-LINGUISTIC POLICY IN RUSSIA AS A BASIS FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF INTERETHNIC RELATIONS

In the article, the author investigates the problem of improving inter-ethnic relations. He analyzes the state and main directions of ethno-linguistic policy in contemporary Russia.

Key words: ethno-linguistic policy, international relations, public administration, national policy, stability, Russian Federation.

P.S. GELERANSKIY PhD, doctoral candidate, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

THE CRIMEA AND RUSSIA: HISTORICAL AND LINGUISTIC ASPECT

The article deals with the accession of new territories of the Russian Federation in the form of federal subject in the case of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol city of federal significance. The author assesses the political instability in Ukraine, which led to the illegal seizure of state power in Kiev. Legitimately elected authorities of Crimea did not agree with such situation in Kiev. The author appreciates the actions of local legitimate authorities of Crimea on the self-determination of the peoples of the Crimea in order to preserve stability in the region and in order to join the Russian F ederation. Attempts to analyze developments by historical and other methods of analysis are made. Conclusions about the prevention of violence and ethnic conflicts in the region, protection of the population and the preservation of economic instability aft er the concerted action of the President and the Government of Russian Federation in this direction are made.

Key words: Subject of the federation, joining to the Federation, regional stability, the history of Crimea, NATO, the President of the Russian Federation, Republic of Crimea, the federal city of Sevastopol.

NATIONAL POLICY AND ETHNIC CULTURE

R.М. KANAPYANOVA Doctor of political sciences, Professor at the Moscow State Institute of Culture, member of the Presidium of the Council for Nationalities attached to the Government of Moscow, Russia, Moscow

INCREASED IMPORTANCE OF THE ETHNO-CULTURAL VALUES IN THE CHANGING WORLD ORDER

The meaning and role of ethno-cultural factor in its broad review is still not fully appreciated. Ethnic culture in a changing world order is a necessary element of the international image of each country. The article is of interest not only by the desire of the author to reveal the ethno-cultural dominant in the life of society, but also to accumulate experience in strengthening civil and spiritual unity of each nation.

Key words: ethnic culture, civic identity, one nation, public self-organization of citizens, language policy.

B.B. NIMAEVA Ph.D.(political sciences), associate Professor, Head of the Center for ethno-social research and cross-border cooperation of the Chita branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

STATE AND CIVIL IDENITY AND ETHNO-CUITURAL DEVELOPMENT AS A FACTOR A NATIONAL SECURITY

In the opinion of the author attemted to indicate ways to strengthen the Russian identity, mutual influence of state and civil identity and ethno-cultural development of different national cultures. The article conciders the problems of idenity through the prism of national of Russia that makes the stuff especcially actual.

Key words: Russian identity, national security, Civil consolidation, ethnic identity.

V.F. PRYAKHIN D.Sc. (political science), Club of Rome National Committee member, Russia, Moscow

HARMONIOUS PURPOSEFUL INTERETHNIC AND INTERFAITH POLICY AS RUSSIA’S "SOFT POWER" TOOL IN THE INTERNATIONAL ARENA

At the turn of the Millennium the world history develops in three dimensions - globalization, regionalization and personalization. Globalization is a dominant, driving the international community to the comprehensive integrity. Regionalization dictates enhancement of the role and status of individual regions sometimes to the level of status of those state entities, the subjects of which they are. The personalization of international relations is reflected however in the protection of the rights and freedoms of every individual as a peremptory norm (jus cogens) of contemporary international law. The simultaneous effect of these three trends is accompanied by the inevitable clash of national, confessional, class, corporate and personal interests. Transnational corporations support the acceleration of globalization, the nation-states defend their territorial integrity, regions fight for self-determination and autonomy, and individuals assert their rights and freedoms. Under these conditions, the harmonization of processes of interethnic and interfaith interactions within individual states is particularly important to enhance the attractively of these respective states, to strengthen their "soft power" in the international arena. Russia is a huge multi-ethnic and multi-confessional state. That’s why its interethnic and interfaith policy’s example is especially important in the increasing clash of civilizations of the modern world.

Key words: globalization, regionalism, human rights, civilization split, federative policy, interfaith politics, “soft power”, the UN, Russia.

Sh.S. SULEYMANOVA doctor of political sciences, professor of the Department of Public Relations and Media Policy at the Institute of Public Administration and Staff Management of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

NATIONAL CULTURE IN THE CONTEXT OF NATIONAL POLICY

In the article the author reflects on the national culture and national politics, as on close in meaning terms. Problems of national policy – is the problems of the state and the social status of culture. Determines the ultimate goal of national policy in the formation of a society where the most timely and fully satisfied national and cultural needs of a single person, and specific nation.

Key words: national culture, national policy, the state, the integration, nations, interests, interpenetration, society.

V.V. GAYDUK D.Sc (political sciences), Ph.D. (law), professor, head of the chair of politology and history of the Bashkir State University, Russia, Ufa

POLITICAL MEDIATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF ETHNO-CULTURAL AND RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY

Today, humanity is objectively involved in the processes of radical global transformations of a contradictory and hardly predictable nature. On the one hand, the integration of peoples in a single political, economic and socio-cultural space expands and enriches the possibilities of a comprehensive ethno-cultural interaction. On the other hand, the emerging "global culture" is perceived by traditional ideologies as a tool of suppression of ethnic identity and a real threat to state sovereignty that provokes the mobilization and politicization of ethnicity in sub-regional (ethnic conflicts) and global scales (international terrorism). Theoretical understanding of the dynamics and prospects of development of modern inter-nation and inter-ethnic processes is impossible without the regard for their conflict potential and also without the development of technologies of their settlement – political mediation. The article discusses the role of new political institutions and political mediation in the conditions of ethnic, cultural and religious diversity.

Key words: politology, national and federative relations, political mediation, ethnic and cultural diversity, ethnic politics, globalization, peoples, nations, ethnos, political conflict.

Z.H. HIZRIEV post-graduate student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

ETHNO-CULTURAL RESOURCE IN THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF LEGISLATIVE POWER IN THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC

The article studies the problems of the use of ethno-cultural resource in the period of formation and establishment of the legislative power in the Chechen Republic. It reflects the complex political processes that took place during the years of transition in Russia at Federal and regional levels, and the questions of influence of ethno-cultural characteristics on the process of reform and modernization of public administration.

Key words: political processes, modernization, public authorities, management, the legislative power, the cultural resource.

I.R. АMINOV PhD (law), Associate Professor of Public Law, Institute of Law of the Bashkir State University, Russia, Ufa

ETHNIC FACTOR IN MODERN RUSSIA: ISSUES OF NATIONALITY AND LANGUAGE

In the article, the author analyzes problems existing in the sphere of national policy and interethnic relations in the Russian Federation. The author explores the problems of nationality and language and gives a number of recommendations concerning implementation of the state national policy.

Key words: ethnos, nation, ethnic factor, national politics, interethnic relations and conflicts, language.

FEDERATIVE RELATIONS AND REGIONAL POLICY

V.N. MEDVEDEV PhD (law), Assistant Professor at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Head of the Legal Department of the Moscow Region Ministry of Social Security, Russia, Moscow

IMPACT OF FEDERATIVE RELATIONS ON THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM IN RUSSIA

The article is devoted to actual problems of reforming the public administration system in Russia.

Key words: executive power, reforming, administrative law, Russia, the problems, development.

M.A. MAYSTAT Ph.D. (political science), assistant professor at the Department of Political Science and Sociology of Institute of social and humanitarian education of Moscow State Pedagogical University, Russia, Moscow

INFLUENCE PARADIGM OF POLITICAL LEGAL STATUS OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE ON THEIR TAX STATUS (BY THE EXAMPLE OF RUSSIA AND THE USA)

Article is devoted to the comparative analysis of the political, legal and tax status of the autochthonic people of Russia and the USA in their direct interrelation and the actual fullness within possibility of achievement of ethnopolitical stability.

Key words: indigenous people, autochthonic people, Indians, ethnopolicy, interethnic relations, political legal status, tax status.

М.N. NIKONOVA post-graduate student working for a PhD at the Department of National and Federative Relations of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

REFLEXIVE CONTROL IN THE PROCESSES OF COLLECTIVE DECISION MAKING (PART II)

This work is devoted to one of the most important elements of the mechanism of political control, namely the technology of collective decision-making activities. The present part contains the technology of actions of the creator of collective decisions (TFR).

Key words: mechanisms of political control, decision making, group decision, entropy, measuring the quality of decisions.

А.М. BUTCHANIN post-graduate student working for a PhD degree at the Department of Constitutional Law at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russia, Moscow

CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL BASIS AND THE PROCEDURE OF CRIMEA’S ENTRANCE INTO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Entrance of the Crimean Peninsula and Sevastopol, the city of federal significance, in the constitutional and legal framework of the Russian Federation caused a flurry of conflicting opinions and accusations on the part of foreign political leaders, social activists, leaders of the new government in Ukraine and other actors of international relations. The mere precedent of "Crimean Spring" is unique in its structure and consequences for the entire global paradigm of relations. Of special interest is the issue of Western policy of sanctions against Russian economy and politics aimed at weakening political and economic leadership of Russia in a number of positions. These are the consequences or the so-called "feedback" from the European Union and the United States after the Crimea and Sevastopol’s entrance to the Russian Federation. This article investigates main constitutional and legal aspects of the accession of the Crimean Peninsula to Russia, its entry into the Russian constitutional and legal framework as well as major legal and theoretical structures legitimizing this process. In the same vein, the author discusses basic positions of international law and international community regarding the subject under consideration.

Key words: federalism, subjects of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Crimea, the city of federal significance Sevastopol, a federal state, federative relations, national policy, national security, national interests, national relations, legitimacy, referendum, political regionalistics, ethno-politics.

   
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